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Full text of "Yamaha Xvz-1300Tft Xvz-13Tfmt Royal Star Venture (2005 Service Manual))"

LIT-1 1626-1 8-37 




OWNER'S MANUAL 

XVZ13TFT(C) 
XVZ1 3TFMT(C) 

19-16 




4XY-28199- 



A WARNING 



The engine exhaust from this product 
contains chemicals known to the 
State of California to cause cancer, birth 
defects or other reproductive harm. 



YAMAHA 



LIT-CALIF-65-01 



INTRODUCTION 



Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha Royal Star™ VENTURE®. This model is the result of Yamaha's vast ex- 
perience in the production of fine sporting, touring, and pacesetting racing machines. It represents the high degree of crafts- 
manship and reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields. 

This manual will give you an understanding of the operation, inspection, and basic maintenance of this motorcycle. If you 
have any questions concerning the operation or maintenance of your motorcycle, please consult a Yamaha dealer. 
The design and manufacture of this Yamaha motorcycle fully comply with the emissions standards for clean air applicable at 
the date of manufacture. Yamaha has met these standards without reducing the performance or economy of operation of the 
motorcycle. To maintain these high standards, it is important that you and your Yamaha dealer pay close attention to the 
recommended maintenance schedules and operating instructions contained within this manual. 



IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION 



EAU10130 

Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations: 


& 


The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS 
INVOLVED! 




Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death to the 


1 A WARNING 1 


motorcycle operator, a bystander or a person inspecting or repairing the motor- 
cycle. 




CAUTION: 


A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to 
the motorcycle. 


NOTE: 


A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer. 


NOTE! 



• This manual should be considered a permanent part of this motorcycle and should remain with it even if the motorcycle 
is subsequently sold. 

• Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while this manual contains the most 
current product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle 
and this manual. If you have any questions concerning this manual, please consult your Yamaha dealer. 



A WARNING 



PLEASE READ THIS MANUAL AND THE "YOU AND YOUR MOTORCYCLE: RIDING TIPS" BOOKLET CAREFULLY 
AND COMPLETELY BEFORE OPERATING THIS MOTORCYCLE. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO OPERATE THIS MOTOR- 
CYCLE UNTIL YOU HAVE ATTAINED ADEQUATE KNOWLEDGE OF ITS CONTROLS AND OPERATING FEATURES 



IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION 



AND UNTIL YOU HAVE BEEN TRAINED IN SAFE AND PROPER RIDING TECHNIQUES. REGULAR INSPECTIONS 
AND CAREFUL MAINTENANCE, ALONG WITH GOOD RIDING SKILLS, WILL ENSURE THAT YOU SAFELY ENJOY 
THE CAPABILITIES AND THE RELIABILITY OF THIS MOTORCYCLE. 



IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION 



AFFIX DEALER 
LABEL HERE 



XVZ1 3TFT(C)/XVZ1 3TFMT(C) 

OWNER'S MANUAL 

©2004 by Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. 

1st edition, May 2004 

All rights reserved. 

Any reprinting or unauthorized use 

without the written permission of 

Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. 

is expressly prohibited. 

Printed in Japan. 

P/NLIT-1 1626-1 8-37 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



SAFETY INFORMATION 1-1 

Location of important labels 1-5 

DESCRIPTION 2-1 

Left view 2-1 

Right view 2-2 

Controls and instruments 2-3 

INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL 

FUNCTIONS 3-1 

Main switch/steering lock 3-1 

Indicator and warning lights 3-2 

Speedometer unit 3-4 

Cruise control system 3-5 

Handlebar switches 3-7 

Clutch lever 3-8 

Shift pedal 3-9 

Brake lever 3-9 

Brake pedal 3-9 

Fuel tank cap 3-10 

Fuel 3-10 

Fuel cock 3-11 

Starter (choke) knob 3-12 

Locking the steering with a 

padlock 3-13 

Rider seat 3-13 

Helmet holders 3-14 

Sidecases and travel trunk 3-14 

Adjusting the front fork 3-16 

Adjusting the shock absorber 
assembly 3-17 



Sidestand 3-18 

Ignition circuit cut-off system 3-19 

Auxiliary DC jack and terminals ... 3-21 

AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO ... 4-1 

Location of parts 4-1 

Headsets (optional) 4-2 

Control unit 4-3 

Making basic settings 4-4 

Making mode settings 4-6 

Cassette deck operation 4-9 

Radio operation 4-1 1 

Optional CD changer operation ... 4-15 

CB radio operation 4-16 

Auxiliary audio source 
operation 4-20 

PRE-OPERATION CHECKS 5-1 

Pre-operation check list 5-2 

OPERATION AND IMPORTANT 

RIDING POINTS 6-1 

Starting and warming up a cold 

engine 6-1 

Starting a warm engine 6-2 

Shifting 6-3 

Engine break-in 6-4 

Parking 6-5 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND 

MINOR REPAIR 7-1 

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 7-1 

Owner's tool kit 7-1 

Periodic maintenance chart for the 

emission control system 7-3 

General maintenance and 

lubrication chart 7-4 

Removing and installing cowlings 

and panels 7-8 

Checking the sparkplugs 7-11 

Canister (for California only) 7-12 

Engine oil and oil filter cartridge ... 7-12 

Final gear oil 7-15 

Coolant 7-16 

Cleaning the air filter elements 7-18 

Adjusting the carburetors 7-19 

Adjusting the throttle cable free 

play 7-20 

Adjusting the valve clearance 7-20 

Tires 7-20 

Cast wheels 7-22 

Accessories and replacement 

parts 7-23 

Clutch lever free play 7-23 

Adjusting the brake lever free 

play 7-24 

Adjusting the rear brake light 

switch 7-24 

Checking the front and rear 

brake pads 7-25 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Checking the brake and clutch 

fluid levels 7-25 

Changing the brake and clutch 

fluids 7-27 

Checking and lubricating the 

cables 7-27 

Checking and lubricating the 

throttle grip and cable 7-27 

Checking and lubricating the 

brake and shift pedals 7-28 

Checking and lubricating the 

brake and clutch levers 7-28 

Checking and lubricating the 

sidestand 7-29 

Checking the front fork 7-29 

Checking the steering 7-30 

Checking the wheel bearings 7-30 

Battery 7-31 

Replacing the fuses 7-32 

Replacing the headlight bulb 7-34 

Replacing a turn signal light bulb 

or the tail/brake light bulb 7-35 

Supporting the motorcycle 7-35 

Troubleshooting 7-36 

Troubleshooting charts 7-37 

MOTORCYCLE CARE AND 

STORAGE 8-1 

Cleaning 8-1 

Storage 8-2 



SPECIFICATIONS 9-1 

CONSUMER INFORMATION 10-1 

Identification numbers 10-1 

Reporting safety defects 10-3 

Motorcycle noise regulation 10-4 

Maintenance record 10-5 

YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORARION, 

U.S.A. ROYAL STAR™ 

VENTURE® LIMITED 

WARRANTY 10-7 



& SAFETY INFORMATION 



MOTORCYCLES ARE SINGLE 
TRACK VEHICLES. THEIR SAFE 
USE AND OPERATION ARE DEPEN- 
DENT UPON THE USE OF PROPER 
RIDING TECHNIQUES AS WELL AS 
THE EXPERTISE OF THE OPERA- 
TOR. EVERY OPERATOR SHOULD 
KNOW THE FOLLOWING REQUIRE- 
MENTS BEFORE RIDING THIS 
MOTORCYCLE. 
HE OR SHE SHOULD: 

• OBTAIN THOROUGH INSTRUC- 
TIONS FROM A COMPETENT 
SOURCE ON ALL ASPECTS OF 
MOTORCYCLE OPERATION. 

• OBSERVE THE WARNINGS 
AND MAINTENANCE REQUIRE- 
MENTS IN THE OWNER'S MAN- 
UAL. 

• OBTAIN QUALIFIED TRAINING 
IN SAFE AND PROPER RIDING 
TECHNIQUES. 

• OBTAIN PROFESSIONAL TECH- 
NICAL SERVICE AS INDICATED 
BY THE OWNER'S MANUAL 



AND/OR WHEN MADE NECES- 
SARY BY MECHANICAL CONDI- 
TIONS. 

Safe riding 

• Always make pre-operation 
checks. Careful checks may help 
prevent an accident. 

• This motorcycle is designed to 
carry the operator and a passen- 
ger. 

• The failure of motorists to detect 
and recognize motorcycles in traf- 
fic is the predominating cause of 
automobile/motorcycle accidents. 
Many accidents have been 
caused by an automobile driver 
who did not see the motorcycle. 
Making yourself conspicuous ap- 
pears to be very effective in reduc- 
ing the chance of this type of 
accident. 

Therefore: 

• Wear a brightly colored jacket. 

• Use extra caution when ap- 
proaching and passing through 
intersections, since intersec- 



1-1 



tions are the most likely places 
for motorcycle accidents to oc- 
cur. 

• Ride where other motorists can 
see you. Avoid riding in another 
motorist's blind spot. 

• Many motorcycle accidents in- 
volve inexperienced operators. In 
fact, many operators who have 
been involved in accidents do not 
even have a current motorcycle li- 
cense. 

• Make sure that you are qualified 
and that you only lend your 
motorcycle to other qualified op- 
erators. 

• Know your skills and limits. 
Staying within your limits may 
help you to avoid an accident. 

• We recommend that you prac- 
tice riding your motorcycle 
where there is no traffic until you 
have become thoroughly famil- 
iar with the motorcycle and all of 
its controls. 

• Many motorcycle accidents have 
been caused by error of the motor- 
cycle operator. A typical error 
made by the operator is veering 



A SAFETY INFORMATION 



wide on a turn due to EXCESSIVE 
SPEED or undercornering (insuffi- 
cient lean angle for the speed). 

• Always obey the speed limit and 
never travel faster than warrant- 
ed by road and traffic conditions. 

• Always signal before turning or 
changing lanes. Make sure that 
other motorists can see you. 

• The posture of the operator and 
passenger is important for proper 
control. 

• The operator should keep both 
hands on the handlebar and 
both feet on the operator foot- 
rests during operation to main- 
tain control of the motorcycle. 

• The passenger should always 
hold onto the operator, seat 
strap, or grab bar, if equipped, 
with both hands and keep both 
feet on the passenger footrests. 

• Never carry a passenger unless 
he or she can firmly place both 
feet on the passenger footrests. 

• Never ride under the influence of 
alcohol or other drugs. 



• This motorcycle is designed for on- 
road use only, therefore, it is not 
suitable for off-road use. 

Protective apparel 

The majority of fatalities from motor- 
cycle accidents are the result of head 
injuries. The use of a safety helmet is 
the single most critical factor in the pre- 
vention or reduction of head injuries. 

• Always wear an approved helmet. 

• Wear a face shield or goggles. 
Wind in your unprotected eyes 
could contribute to an impairment 
of vision which could delay seeing 
a hazard. 

• The use of a jacket, heavy boots, 
trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in 
preventing or reducing abrasions 
or lacerations. 

• Never wear loose-fitting clothes, 
otherwise they could catch on the 
control levers, footrests, or wheels 
and cause injury or an accident. 

• Never touch the engine or exhaust 
system during or after operation. 
They become very hot and can 



cause burns. Always wear protec- 
tive clothing that covers your legs, 
ankles, and feet. 
• Passengers should also observe 
the precautions mentioned above. 

Modifications 

Modifications made to this motorcycle 
not approved by Yamaha, or the re- 
moval of original equipment, may ren- 
der the motorcycle unsafe for use and 
may cause severe personal injury. 
Modifications may also make your 
motorcycle illegal to use. 

Loading and accessories 

Adding accessories or cargo to your 
motorcycle can adversely affect stabili- 
ty and handling if the weight distribution 
of the motorcycle is changed. To avoid 
the possibility of an accident, use ex- 
treme caution when adding cargo or 
accessories to your motorcycle. Use 
extra care when riding a motorcycle 
that has added cargo or accessories. 
Here are some general guidelines to 
follow if loading cargo or adding acces- 
sories to your motorcycle: 



1-2 



A SAFETY INFORMATION 



Loading 

The total weight of the operator, pas- 
senger, accessories and cargo must 
not exceed the maximum load limit. 



Maximum load: 

190 kg (419 lb) 



When loading within this weight limit, 
keep the following in mind: 

• Cargo and accessory weight 
should be kept as low and close to 
the motorcycle as possible. Make 
sure to distribute the weight as 
evenly as possible on both sides of 
the motorcycle to minimize imbal- 
ance or instability. 

• Shifting weights can create a sud- 
den imbalance. Make sure that ac- 
cessories and cargo are securely 
attached to the motorcycle before 
riding. Check accessory mounts 
and cargo restraints frequently. 

• Never attach any large or heavy 
items to the handlebar, front fork, 
or front fender. These items, in- 
cluding such cargo as sleeping 



bags, duffel bags, or tents, can 
create unstable handling or slow 
steering response. 
Accessories 

Genuine Yamaha accessories have 
been specifically designed for use on 
this motorcycle. Since Yamaha cannot 
test all other accessories that may be 
available, you must personally be re- 
sponsible for the proper selection, in- 
stallation and use of non-Yamaha 
accessories. Use extreme caution 
when selecting and installing any ac- 
cessories. 

Keep the following guidelines in mind, 
as well as those provided under "Load- 
ing" when mounting accessories. 
• Never install accessories or carry 
cargo that would impair the perfor- 
mance of your motorcycle. Care- 
fully inspect the accessory before 
using it to make sure that it does 
not in any way reduce ground 
clearance or cornering clearance, 



limit suspension travel, steering 
travel or control operation, or ob- 
scure lights or reflectors. 

• Accessories fitted to the handle- 
bar or the front fork area can 
create instability due to improper 
weight distribution or aerody- 
namic changes. If accessories 
are added to the handlebar or 
front fork area, they must be as 
lightweight as possible and 
should be kept to a minimum. 

• Bulky or large accessories may 
seriously affect the stability of 
the motorcycle due to aerody- 
namic effects. Wind may at- 
tempt to lift the motorcycle, or 
the motorcycle may become un- 
stable in cross winds. These ac- 
cessories may also cause 
instability when passing or being 
passed by large vehicles. 

• Certain accessories can dis- 
place the operator from his or 
her normal riding position. This 
improper position limits the free- 
dom of movement of the opera- 



1-3 



A SAFETY INFORMATION 



tor and may limit control ability, 
therefore, such accessories are 
not recommended. 

• Use caution when adding electri- 
cal accessories. If electrical acces- 
sories exceed the capacity of the 
motorcycle's electrical system, an 
electric failure could result, which 
could cause a dangerous loss of 
lights or engine power. 

Gasoline and exhaust gas 

• GASOLINE IS HIGHLY FLAMMA- 
BLE: 

• Always turn the engine off when 
refueling. 

• Take care not to spill any gaso- 
line on the engine or exhaust 
system when refueling. 

• Never refuel while smoking or in 
the vicinity of an open flame. 

• Never start the engine or let it run 
for any length of time in a closed 
area. The exhaust fumes are poi- 
sonous and may cause loss of 
consciousness and death within a 
short time. Always operate your 
motorcycle in an area that has ad- 
equate ventilation. 



• Always turn the engine off before 
leaving the motorcycle unattended 
and remove the key from the main 
switch. When parking the motor- 
cycle, note the following: 

• The engine and exhaust system 
may be hot, therefore, park the 
motorcycle in a place where pe- 
destrians or children are not like- 
ly to touch these hot areas. 

• Do not park the motorcycle on a 
slope or soft ground, otherwise it 
may fall over. 

• Do not park the motorcycle near 
a flammable source (e.g. a kero- 
sene heater, or near an open 
flame), otherwise it could catch 
fire. 

• When transporting the motorcycle 
in another vehicle, make sure that 
it is kept upright and that the fuel 
cock is turned to "ON" or "RES" (for 
vacuum type) / "OFF" (for manual 
type). If it should lean over, gaso- 
line may leak out of the carburetor 
or fuel tank. 

• If you should swallow any gaso- 
line, inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, 
or allow gasoline to get into your 

1-4 



eyes, see your doctor immediately. 
If any gasoline spills on your skin 
or clothing, immediately wash the 
affected area with soap and water 
and change your clothes. 



A SAFETY INFORMATION 



Location of important labels 

Please read the following important labels carefully before operating this vehicle. 




1-5 



A SAFETY INFORMATION 



CAUTION 



Cleaning with alkaline or 

acid cleaner, gasoline or 

solvent will damage 

windshield. 

Use neutral detergent. 



AWARNING 



• BEFORE YOU OPERATE THIS VEHICLE, READ 
THE OWNER'S MANUAL AND ALL LABELS. 

• ALWAYS WEAR AN APPROVED MOTORCYCLE 
HELMET, eye protection, and protective clothing. 



A WARNING 



mproper loading can adversely affect handling. 

• Do not exceed maximum load limit: 

9 kg (20 lb) each saddlebag /9 kg (20 lb) travel trunk / 
9 kg (20 lb) travel trunk bracket without travel trunk 

► Distribute weight evenly from side to side. 

»Read the Owner's manual for important loading and tire 
pressure information. 

• Total weight of rider, passenger, accessories, and cargo 
must not exceed the motorcycle load capacity shown in the 
Owner's Manual. 

► Never ride above 80 mph (120 km/h) with travel trunk and/or 
saddlebags because handling could be affected. 

This maximum speed may be reduced by such factors as 
improper loading, poor tire or overall motorcycle conditions, 
poor road surfaces, or adverse weather conditions. 



4 CALIFORNIA ONLY 



EMISSION HOSE ROUTING 



U CANISTER 



TO ATMOSPHERE 





1 TIRE INFORMATION 1 


Cold tire 


normal pressure should be 


set as 


follows. 








• Up to 


90 kg (198 lbs) load 




FRONT 


: 250 kPa, 


(2.50 kgf/cm 2 ), 


36 psi 


REAR 


: 250 kPa, 


(2.50 kgf/cm 2 ), 


36 psi 


• 90 kg (198 lbs) ~ maximum load 




FRONT 


: 250 kPa, 


(2.50 kgf/cm 2 ), 


36 psi 


REAR 


: 280 kPa, 


(2.80 kgf/cm 2 ), 


41 psi 






4NK-21668-A0 > 



1-6 



DESCRIPTION 



Left view 




1 . Shift pedal (page 3-9) 

2. Starter (choke) knob (page 3-12) 

3. Fuel tank cap (page 3-10) 

4. Fuel cock (page 3-11) 

5. Battery (page 7-31) 

6. Coolant reservoir (page 7-16) 

7. Fuse box 2 (page 7-32) 



8. Sidecase (page 3-14) 

9. Helmet holder (page 3-14) 
10.Tail/brake light (page 7-35) 

1 1 .Rear turn signal light (page 7-35) 



2-1 



DESCRIPTION 



Right view 




14 13 



1. Muffler 

2. Owner's tool kit (page 7-1) 

3. Helmet holder (page 3-14) 

4. Travel trunk (page 3-14) 

5. Passenger seat (page 3-13) 

6. Shock absorber assembly air valve (page 3-17) 

7. Rider seat (page 3-13) 

8. Fuel tank (page 3-10) 



9. Front fork air valve (page 3-16) 

lO.Headlight (page 7-34) 

1 1 .Front turn signal/position lights (page 7-35) 

12. Fuse box 1 (page 7-32) 

13. Brake pedal (page 3-9) 

14. Rider footrest 

1 5. Passenger footrest 



2-2 



DESCRIPTION 



Controls and instruments 




1 . Clutch lever (page 3-8) 

2. Audio system/CB radio control unit (page 4-3) 

3. Left handlebar switches (page 3-7) 

4. Rider headset jack (page 4-2) 

5. Speedometer unit (page 3-4) 

6. Main switch/steering lock (page 3-1) 

7. Right handlebar switches (page 3-7) 

8. Throttle grip (page 7-20) 

9. Brake lever (page 3-9) 



2-3 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



Main switch/steering lock 



The main switch/steering lock controls 
the ignition and lighting systems, and is 
used to lock the steering. The various 
positions are described below. 

EAU 10510 

ON 

All electrical systems are supplied with 
power, and the headlight, meter light- 
ing, taillight and position lights come 
on, and the engine can be started. The 
key cannot be removed. 

EAU 10660 

OFF 

All electrical systems are off. The key 
can be removed. 



LOCK 

The steering is locked, and all electrical 
systems are off. The key can be re- 
moved. 

To lock the steering 

1 2 




Push. 
Turn. 



Turn the handlebars all the way to 
the left. 

Push the key in from the "OFF" po- 
sition, and then turn it to "LOCK" 
while still pushing it. 
Remove the key. 



To unlock the steering 
1 2 




Push. 
Turn. 



Push the key in, and then turn it to 
"OFF" while still pushing it. 



A WARNING 



Never turn the key to "OFF" or 
"LOCK" while the vehicle is moving, 
otherwise the electrical systems will 
be switched off, which may result in 
loss of control or an accident. Make 
sure that the vehicle is stopped be- 
fore turning the key to "OFF" or 
"LOCK". 



3-1 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



ACC (Accessory) 

The audio system and the auxiliary DC 
jack and terminals can be used in this 
position. Therefore, do not use the ac- 
cessory position for an extended period 
of time, otherwise the battery may dis- 
charge. 
The key cannot be removed. 



Indicator and warning lights 




Left turn signal indicator light "<n" 
High beam indicator light " 10" 
Oil level warning light "<&;" 
Overdrive indicator light "0/D" 
Engine trouble warning light " hS " 
Fuel level warning light "ft" 



1 . Cruise control indicator lights 

2. Right turn signal indicator light " c>" 

3. Neutral indicator light " N " 

4. Coolant temperature warning light " JL " 

EAU 11030 

Turn signal indicator lights "<?" and 

The corresponding indicator light flash- 
es when the turn signal switch is 
pushed to the left or right. 



Neutral indicator light " N " 

This indicator light comes on when the 
transmission is in the neutral position. 



3-2 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



High beam indicator light "id" 
This indicator light comes on when the 
high beam of the headlight is switched 
on. 

EAU11140 

Oil level warning light "<&;" 

This warning light comes on when the 
engine oil level is low. 
The electrical circuit of the warning light 
can be checked according to the follow- 
ing procedure. 

1 . Set the engine stop switch to "O" 
and turn the key to "ON". 

2. Shift the transmission into the neu- 
tral position or pull the clutch lever. 

3. Push the start switch. If the warn- 
ing light does not come on while 
pushing the start switch, have a 
Yamaha dealer check the electri- 
cal circuit. 

NOTE: 

Even if the oil level is sufficient, the 
warning light may flicker when riding on 
a slope or during sudden acceleration 
or deceleration, but this is not a mal- 
function. 



Fuel level warning light "B" 

This warning light comes on when the 
fuel level drops below approximately 
3.5 L (0.92 US gal) (0.77 Imp.gal). 
When this occurs, turn the fuel cock le- 
ver to the "RES" position and refuel as 
soon as possible. 

EAU11380 

Cruise control indicator lights 

See page 3-5 for an explanation of 
these indicator lights. 

EAU11410 

Coolant temperature warning light 

"JL" 

This warning light comes on when the 
engine overheats. When this occurs, 
stop the engine immediately and allow 
the engine to cool. 

The electrical circuit of the warning light 
can be checked according to the follow- 
ing procedure. 

1 . Set the engine stop switch to "O" 
and turn the key to "ON". 

2. Shift the transmission into the neu- 
tral position or pull the clutch lever. 



3. Push the start switch. If the warn- 
ing light does not come on while 
pushing the start switch, have a 
Yamaha dealer check the electri- 
cal circuit. 

ECA 10020 

CAUTION: 

Do not operate the engine if it is 
overheated. 



Overdrive indicator light "O/D" 

This indicator light comes on when the 
transmission is in overdrive (5th gear). 

EAU11470 

Engine trouble warning light " hS " 

This warning light comes on or flashes 
when an electrical circuit monitoring the 
engine is defective. When this occurs, 
have a Yamaha dealer check the self- 
diagnosis system. 



3-3 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



Speedometer unit 

1 




1. Speedometer 

2. Odometer/tripmeter/fuel reserve tripme- 
ter/clock 

3. "RESET" button 

4. "SELECT" button 

5. Fuel meter 

The speedometer unit is equipped with 
the following: 

• a digital speedometer (which 
shows riding speed) 

• an odometer (which shows the to- 
tal distance traveled) 

• two tripmeters (which show the 
distance traveled since they were 
last set to zero) 

• a fuel reserve tripmeter (which 
shows the distance traveled on the 
fuel reserve) 



• a clock 

• a fuel meter 

Odometer and tripmeter modes 

Pushing the "SELECT" button switches 
the display between the odometer 
mode "ODO" and the tripmeter modes 
"TRIP 1" and "TRIP 2" in the following 
order: 

ODO -> TRIP 1 -> TRIP 2 -> ODO 
If the fuel level warning light comes on 
(see page 3-2), the odometer display 
will automatically change to the fuel re- 
serve tripmeter mode "TRIP F" and 
start counting the distance traveled 
from that point. In that case, pushing 
the "SELECT" button switches the dis- 
play between the various tripmeter and 
odometer modes in the following order: 
TRIP F -> TRIP 1 -> TRIP 2 -> ODO -> 
TRIPF 

To reset a tripmeter, select it by push- 
ing the "SELECT" button, and then 
push the "RESET" button. If you do not 
reset the fuel reserve tripmeter manual- 
ly, it will reset itself automatically and 
the display will return to "TRIP 1" after 
refueling and traveling 5 km (3 mi). 

3-4 



NOTE: 

After resetting the fuel reserve tripme- 
ter, the display will return to the prior 
mode. 



Clock mode 

To change the display to the clock 
mode, push the "SELECT" button for at 
least two seconds. 

To change the display back to the 
odometer and tripmeter modes, push 
the "SELECT" button. 

To set the clock: 

1. Push both the "SELECT" and "RE- 
SET" buttons for at least two sec- 
onds. 

2. When the hour digits start flashing, 
push the "RESET" button to set the 
hours. 

3. Push the "SELECT" button, and 
the minute digits will start flashing. 

4. Push the "RESET" button to set 
the minutes. 

5. Push the "SELECT" button to start 
the clock. 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



NOTE: 

After setting the clock, be sure to push 
the "SELECT" button before turning the 
key to "OFF", otherwise the clock will 
not be set. 



Fuel meter 

The fuel meter indicates the amount of 
fuel in the fuel tank. The display seg- 
ments of the fuel meter disappear to- 
wards "E" (Empty) as the fuel level 
decreases. When only one segment is 
left near "E" (Empty), refuel as soon as 
possible. When the key is turned to 
"ON", all of the display segments of the 
fuel meter will appear one after the oth- 
er and then disappear in order to test 
the electrical circuit. 

NOTE: 

This fuel meter is equipped with a self- 
diagnosis system. If the electrical circuit 
is defective, all the display segments 
will start flashing. If this occurs, have a 
Yamaha dealer check the electrical cir- 
cuit. 



Cruise control system 




1. "CRUISE" switch 

This model is equipped with a cruise 
control system designed to maintain a 
set traveling speed. 

Activating and setting the cruise 
control system 

The cruise control system can only be 
activated when riding in 4th or 5th gear 
at speeds between 50 km/h (30 mi/h) 
and130km/h(80mi/h). 

To activate and set the cruise control 
system: 
1. Push the "CRUISE" switch to the 

left. The "ON" indicator light will 

come on. 




1 . Cruise control switch 

2. "CANCEL" switch 

2. Press the "SET/DEC" (set/deceler- 
ate) side of the cruise control 
switch to activate the cruise control 
system. The "SET" indicator light 
comes on. 

3. Set the desired traveling speed as 
follows. Press the "RES/ACC" (re- 
sume/accelerate) side of the 
cruise control switch to increase 
the set speed or the "SET/DEC" 
side to decrease the speed. 



3-5 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 




1. "SET" indicator light 

2. "RES" indicator light 

3. "ON" indicator light 

NOTE: 



Pressing the cruise control switch once 
will change the speed in increments of 
1.6 km/h (1 mi/h). Holding the cruise 
control switch down will increase or de- 
crease the speed continuously until the 
switch is released. 

The traveling speed can be set to a 
maximum of 130 km/h (80 mi/h) and a 
minimum of 50 km/h (30 mi/h). 
When the cruise control system is acti- 
vated and the throttle grip is turned to 
increase the speed by up to 8 km/h (5 
mi/h), the cruise control system will re- 
turn to the set speed after the throttle 



grip is released. However, if the speed 
is increased by more than 8 km/h (5 
mi/h), the cruise control system will be 
deactivated until the traveling speed is 
within 8 km/h (5 mi/h) of the set speed. 

Deactivating the cruise control sys- 
tem 

Applying the front or rear brake or dis- 
engaging the clutch will automatically 
deactivate the cruise control system. 
Push the "CANCEL" switch to manually 
deactivate cruise control. 

NOTE: 

• When the cruise control system is 
deactivated, the "RES" (resume) 
indicator light will come on. 

• Traveling speed decreases as 
soon as the cruise control system 
is deactivated; unless the throttle 
grip is turned. 

Push the "RES/ACC" side of the cruise 
control switch to reactivate the system. 
The traveling speed will return to the 
previously set speed. The "RES" indi- 
cator light will flash during this time and 



then go off. Once the cruise control sys- 
tem is reactivated, the "SET" indicator 
light will come on. 

Push the "CRUISE" switch to the right 
to turn the cruise control system off 
completely. 



A WARNING 



If the cruise control system is defec- 
tive, the "SET" and "RES" indicator 
lights will flash simultaneously. If 
this occurs, turn the cruise control 
system off and have a Yamaha deal- 
er check it. 



3-6 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 




Right 



1 . "Talk" switch 

2. Dimmer switch " 10/ 10 " 

3. Turn signal switch "<£\/d£>" 

4. Horn switch " ^o- " 



44 

B I 



- 



iiSP 




1. Engine stop switch "Q/j^j" 

2. Hazard switch "A" 

3. Cruise control switch 

4. Start switch "(i)" 

EAU 12390 

"TALK" switch 

See page 4-1 6 for an explanation of the 
CB radio. 



Dimmer switch " io/|0 " 

Set this switch to "io" for the high 

beam and to "go" for the low beam. 



Turn signal switch "<^/c>" 

To signal a right-hand turn, push this 
switch to "[>". To signal a left-hand 
turn, push this switch to "<a". When re- 
leased, the switch returns to the center 
position. 

Since this model is equipped with a 
self-canceling system, the turn signal 
lights will self-cancel after the vehicle 
has traveled both about 150 m (490 ft) 
and for approximately 15 seconds. 
However, the turn signal lights can also 
be canceled manually by pushing the 
switch in after it has returned to the cen- 
ter position. 

NOTE: 

The self-canceling system only oper- 
ates when the vehicle is moving, so that 
the turn signal lights will not self-cancel 
while you are stopped at an intersec- 
tion. 



Horn switch " ►o- " 

Press this switch to sound the horn. 



3-7 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



Engine stop switch "CVjSj" 

Set this switch to "O" before starting 
the engine. Set this switch to "$g" to 
stop the engine in case of an emergen- 
cy, such as when the vehicle overturns 
or when the throttle cable is stuck. 

EAU 12710 

Start switch"©" 

Push this switch to crank the engine 
with the starter. 

ECA10050 

CAUTION: 

See page 6-1 for starting instruc- 
tions prior to starting the engine. 



Hazard switch "A" 

With the key in the "ON" position, turn 
this switch to "A" to turn on the hazard 
lights (simultaneous flashing of all turn 
signal lights). 

The hazard lights are used in case of 
an emergency or to warn other drivers 
when your vehicle is stopped where it 
might be a traffic hazard. 



CAUTION: 

Do not use the hazard light for an ex- 
tended length of time, otherwise the 
battery may discharge. 



Cruise control switches 

See page 3-5 for an explanation of the 
cruise control system. 



Clutch lever 




1 . Clutch lever 

The clutch lever is located at the left 
handlebar grip. To disengage the 
clutch, pull the lever toward the handle- 
bar grip. To engage the clutch, release 
the lever. The lever should be pulled 
rapidly and released slowly for smooth 
clutch operation. 

The clutch lever is equipped with a 
clutch switch, which is part of the igni- 
tion circuit cut-off system. (See page 
3-19.) 



3-8 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



Shift pedal 



Brake lever 



Brake pedal 









1 . Shift pedal 

The shift pedal is located on the left 
side of the engine and is used in com- 
bination with the clutch lever when 
shifting the gears of the 5-speed con- 
stant-mesh transmission equipped on 
this motorcycle. 

NOTE: 

Use your toes or heel to shift 
your toes to shift down. 



1 . Brake lever 



up and 



The brake lever is located at the right 
handlebar grip. To apply the front 
brake, pull the lever toward the handle- 
bar grip. 



1 . Brake pedal 

The brake pedal is on the right side of 
the motorcycle. To apply the rear 
brake, press down on the brake pedal. 



3-9 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



Fuel tank cap 




1 . Fuel tank cap lock cover 

2. Unlock. 

To remove the fuel tank cap 

Slide the lock cover open, insert the key 
into the lock, and then turn it 1/4 turn 
clockwise. The lock will be released 
and the fuel tank cap can be removed. 

To install the fuel tank cap 

1. Insert the fuel tank cap into the 
tank opening with the key inserted 
in the lock and with the "a" mart* 
facing forward. 

2. Turn the key counterclockwise to 
the original position, remove it, and 
then close the lock cover. 



NOTE: 

The fuel tank cap cannot be installed 
unless the key is in the lock. In addition, 
the key cannot be removed if the cap is 
not properly installed and locked. 



A WARNING 



Fuel 



Make sure that the fuel tank cap is 
properly installed before riding. 




1. Fuel tank filler tube 

2. Fuel level 

Make sure that there is sufficient fuel in 
the tank. Fill the fuel tank to the bottom 
of the filler tube as shown. 



A WARNING 



Do not overfill the fuel tank, oth- 
erwise it may overflow when the 
fuel warms up and expands. 
Avoid spilling fuel on the hot en- 
gine. 



3-10 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



CAUTION: 



Immediately wipe off spilled fuel 
with a clean, dry, soft cloth, since 
fuel may deteriorate painted surfac- 
es or plastic parts. 



Recommended fuel: 

UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY 
Fuel tank capacity: 

22.5 L (5.94 US gal) (4.95 Imp.gal) 
Fuel reserve amount: 

3.5 L (0.92 US gal) (0.77 Imp.gal) 



CAUTION: 



Use only unleaded gasoline. The use 
of leaded gasoline will cause severe 
damage to internal engine parts, 
such as the valves and piston rings, 
as well as to the exhaust system. 

Your Yamaha engine has been de- 
signed to use regular unleaded gaso- 
line with a pump octane number 
[(R+M)/2] of 86 or higher, or a research 
octane number of 91 or higher. If 



knocking (or pinging) occurs, use a 
gasoline of a different brand or premi- 
um unleaded fuel. Use of unleaded fuel 
will extend spark plug life and reduce 
maintenance costs. 
Gasohol 

There are two types of gasohol: gaso- 
hol containing ethanol and that contain- 
ing methanol. Gasohol containing 
ethanol can be used if the ethanol con- 
tent does not exceed 10%. Gasohol 
containing methanol is not recom- 
mended by Yamaha because it can 
cause damage to the fuel system or ve- 
hicle performance problems. 



Fuel cock 

The fuel cock supplies fuel from the 
tank to the carburetors while also filter- 
ing it. 

The fuel cock lever positions are ex- 
plained as follows and shown in the il- 
lustrations. 

OFF 




1 . Pointed end positioned over "OFF" 

With the fuel cock lever in this position, 
fuel will not flow. Always turn the fuel 
cock lever to this position when the en- 
gine is not running. 



3-11 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



ON 




This indicates reserve. With the fuel 
cock lever in this position, the fuel re- 
serve is made available. Turn the fuel 
cock lever to this position if you run out 
of fuel while riding. When this occurs, 
refuel as soon as possible and be sure 
to turn the fuel cock lever back to "ON"! 



Starter (choke) knob " m " 



1 . Pointed end positioned over "ON" 

With the fuel cock lever in this position, 
fuel flows to the carburetors. Turn the 
fuel cock lever to this position when 
starting the engine and riding. 

RES 





1 . Starter (choke) knob " |\| " 

Starting a cold engine requires a richer 

air-fuel mixture, which is supplied by 

the starter (choke). 

Move the knob in direction (a) to turn on 

the starter (choke). 

Move the knob in direction (b) to turn off 

the starter (choke). 



1 . Pointed end positioned over "RES" 



3-12 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



Locking the steering with a 
padlock 




In addition to the main switch/steering 
lock, there are brackets on the right 
side of the steering head pipe for lock- 
ing the steering with a padlock. To do 
so, turn the handlebar until the holes in 
the two brackets are aligned, and then 
lock the steering with a suitable pad- 
lock. 



Rider seat 

To remove the rider seat 

Remove the nuts, and then pull the rid- 
er seat up. 





1. Projection 

2. Seat holder 

NOTE: 



1. Nut 

To install the rider seat 

Insert the projection on the rear of the 
rider seat into the seat holder as 
shown, place the seat in the original po- 
sition, and then tighten the nuts. 



Make sure that the rider seat is properly 
secured before riding. 



3-13 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 




eau 4360 To c | ose a helmet holder 

Place the helmet holder in the original 
position, and then remove the key. 



1. Helmet holder (right) 

2. Unlock. 




1. Helmet holder (left) 

2. Unlock. 



To open a helmet holder 

Insert the key into the helmet holder 
lock, and then turn it as shown. 



A WARNING 



Never ride with a helmet attached to 
a helmet holder, since the helmet 
may hit objects, causing loss of con- 
trol and possibly an accident. 



Sidecases and travel trunk 



A WARNING 



Improper loading or overloading can 
cause loss of control and possibly 
an accident or personal injury. See 
pages 1-5 and 7-20 for important 
loading and tire pressure informa- 
tion. 

• Always securely close the side- 
cases and travel trunk before 
riding. 

• Distribute weight evenly on 
each side of the motorcycle. 

• Do not exceed the load limit of 9 
kg (20 lb) for each sidecase and 
the travel trunk. 

• Do not exceed the maximum 
load of 1 90 kg (41 9 lb) for the ve- 
hicle. 

• Do not exceed 120 km/h (80 
mi/h) when riding with the travel 
trunk, sidecases or both in- 
stalled, otherwise handling 
could be affected. Improper 
loading, poor tire or overall 
motorcycle conditions, poor 
road surfaces or adverse weath- 



3-14 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



er conditions may make it nec- 
essary to further reduce the 
riding speed. 

Sidecases 

To open a sidecase 
1 . Insert the key into the lock, turn it 
counterclockwise, and then push it 
in. 







1 . Sidecase lock 

2. Unlock. 



2. Fold the sidecase lid up. 





1 . Storage compartment 

2. Storage pouch 

To close a sidecase 

1 . Fold the sidecase lid down. 

2. Turn the key clockwise, and then 
remove it. 

NOTE: 

Push both sides of the lid down so that 
both latches snap into place. 



Travel trunk 

To open the travel trunk 
1 . Insert the key into the lock, turn it 
counterclockwise, and then push it 
in. 



1 . Travel trunk lock 

2. Unlock. 



2. 



Fold the travel trunk lid up, and 
then release it so that it will rest in 
place as shown. 




1 . Travel trunk lid resting in opened position 

2. Storage pouch 



3-15 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



CAUTION: 

Do not apply excessive pressure on 
the travel trunk lid when it is open. 



To close the travel trunk 
1. Fold the travel trunk lid up com- 
pletely, and then fold it down. 




s^ 



NOTE: 

Push both sides of the lid down so that 
both latches snap into place. 




2. Turn the key clockwise, and then 
remove it. 

ECA10921 



CAUTION: 



To avoid locking the key in, never 
lock either sidecase or the travel 
trunk and remove the key from the 
lock before closing the lid. 



Adjusting the front fork 

This front fork is equipped with air 
valves for adjusting the spring rate. 



A WARNING 



Always adjust both fork legs equal- 
ly, otherwise poor handling and loss 
of stability may result. 

Adjust the spring rate as follows. 

1 . Place the vehicle on the sidestand. 

NOTE: 

When checking and adjusting the air 
pressure, there should be no weight on 
the vehicle. 

2. Remove the air valve cap from 
each fork leg. 




1. Front fork air valve cap 



3-16 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



3. Check the air pressure in each fork 
leg using a low-pressure air 
gauge. A low-pressure air gauge is 
available at a Yamaha dealer. 

4. To increase the spring rate and 
thereby harden the suspension, in- 
crease the air pressure with an air 
pump. To decrease the spring rate 
and thereby soften the suspen- 
sion, decrease the air pressure by 
pushing each valve stem down. 



Spring rate: 




Minimum (soft): 




Air pressure = 


kPa (0 psi) (0 


kgf/cm 2 ) 




Standard: 




Air pressure = 


kPa (0 psi) (0 


kgf/cm 2 ) 




Maximum (hard) 




Air pressure = 


50kPa(7.1 psi) (0.5 


kgf/cm 2 ) 





Adjusting the shock absorber 
assembly 

This shock absorber assembly is 
equipped with an air valve for adjusting 
the spring rate. 

ECA10100 

CAUTION: 



Never attempt to turn an adjusting 
mechanism beyond the maximum or 
minimum settings. 

Adjust the spring rate as follows. 

1 . Place the vehicle on the sidestand. 

NOTE: 

When checking and adjusting the air 
pressure, there should be no weight on 
the vehicle. 

2. Remove the air valve cap. 




1 . Shock absorber assembly air valve cap 

3. Check the air pressure with the air 
pressure gauge included in the 
owner's tool kit. 

4. To increase the spring rate and 
thereby harden the suspension, in- 
crease the air pressure with an air 
pump. To decrease the spring rate 
and thereby soften the suspen- 
sion, decrease the air pressure by 
pushing the valve stem down. 



CAUTION: 

Never exceed the maximum air pres- 
sure, otherwise the front fork oil 
seals may become damaged. 

5. Securely install the air valve caps. 



3-17 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



Spring rate: 




Minimum (soft): 




Air pressure = 


kPa (0 psi) (0 


kgf/cm 2 ) 




Standard: 




Air pressure = 


kPa (0 psi) (0 


kgf/cm 2 ) 




Maximum (hard) 




Air pressure = 


400 kPa (57 psi) 


(4.0 kgf/cm 2 ) 





CAUTION: 

Never exceed the maximum air pres- 
sure, otherwise the oil seal may be- 
come damaged. 

5. Securely install the air valve cap. 



Sidestand 

The sidestand is located on the left side 
of the frame. Raise the sidestand or 
lower it with your foot while holding the 
vehicle upright. 

NOTE: 

The built-in sidestand switch is part of 
the ignition circuit cut-off system, which 
cuts the ignition in certain situations. 
(See further down for an explanation of 
the ignition circuit cut-off system.) 



A WARNING 



The vehicle must not be ridden with 
the sidestand down, or if the side- 
stand cannot be properly moved up 
(or does not stay up), otherwise the 
sidestand could contact the ground 
and distract the operator, resulting 
in a possible loss of control. 
Yamaha's ignition circuit cut-off 
system has been designed to assist 
the operator in fulfilling the respon- 
sibility of raising the sidestand be- 
fore starting off. Therefore, check 
this system regularly as described 



below and have a Yamaha dealer re- 
pair it if it does not function proper- 
ly. 



3-18 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



Ignition circuit cut-off system 

The ignition circuit cut-off system (com- 
prising the sidestand switch, clutch 
switch and neutral switch) has the fol- 
lowing functions. 

• It prevents starting when the trans- 
mission is in gear and the side- 
stand is up, but the clutch lever is 
not pulled. 

• It prevents starting when the trans- 
mission is in gear and the clutch le- 
ver is pulled, but the sidestand is 
still down. 

• It cuts the running engine when the 
transmission is in gear and the sid- 
estand is moved down. 

Periodically check the operation of the 
ignition circuit cut-off system according 
to the following procedure. 



A WARNING 



If a malfunction is noted, have a 
Yamaha dealer check the system be- 
fore riding. 



3-19 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



With the engine turned off: 

1 . Move the sidestand down. 

2. Make sure that the engine stop switch is turned on. 

3. Turn the key on. 

4. Shift the transmission into the neutral position. 

5. Push the start switch. 
Does the engine start? 



YES 



NO 



With the engine still running: 

6. Move the sidestand up. 

7. Keep the clutch lever pulled. 

8. Shift the transmission into gear. 

9. Move the sidestand down. 
Does the engine stall? 



YES 



NO 



After the engine has stalled: 

10. Move the sidestand up. 

1 1 . Keep the clutch lever pulled. 

12. Push the start switch. 
Does the engine start? 



YES 



NO 



The system is OK. The motorcycle can be ridden. 



NOTE: 

This check is most reliable if performed with 
a warmed-up engine. 



The neutral switch may be defective. 

The motorcycle should not be ridden until 

checked by a Yamaha dealer. 



The sidestand switch may be defective. 
The motorcycle should not be ridden until 
checked by a Yamaha dealer. 



The clutch switch may be defective. 

The motorcycle should not be ridden until 

checked by a Yamaha dealer. 



3-20 



INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 



Auxiliary DC jack and 
terminals 




1. Auxiliary DC jack 




12-V accessories connected to the 
auxiliary DC jack at the front and auxil- 
iary DC terminals under the rider seat 
can be used when the key is in the 
"ACC" or "ON" position. 

ECA1 1 030 

CAUTION: 



The accessories connected to the 
auxiliary DC jack and terminals 
should not be used with the engine 
turned off, and their combined load 
must never exceed 5 A or 60 W, oth- 
erwise the battery may discharge. 



A WARNING 



To prevent electrical shock or short- 
circuiting, make sure that the caps 
are installed when the auxiliary DC 
jack and terminals are not being 
used. 



1 . Auxiliary DC terminal 



3-21 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



Location of parts 





1 . Audio system/CB radio control unit 

2. Front speaker 

3. Rider headset jack 

4. Cassette deck lid 

5. Main switch/steering lock 

6. Eject("^") button 



7. Cassette deck compartment 

8. Auxiliary audio input jack 

9. Rear speaker 

10. Passenger volume control knob 
1 1 .Passenger "TALK" button 
12. Passenger headset jack 



4-1 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



A WARNING 



• It is dangerous to operate the 
audio system controls while 
riding. Never take your hands 
off the handlebars while riding. 

• Keep the volume at a low 
enough level to be aware of traf- 
fic conditions and ensure safe- 
ty- 

ECA1 1 750 

CAUTION: 



Headsets (optional) 



Do not use the audio system or 
CB radio for a long period of 
time when the engine is not run- 
ning as the battery may dis- 
charge. 

The control unit, cassette deck 
and speakers are water-resis- 
tant; however, it is good prac- 
tice to cover them with a plastic 
bag when washing the motor- 
cycle. 

When cleaning the control unit 
display, use a neutral detergent. 
Never use strong abrasive 
cleaning products, fuel (gaso- 
line), thinner, etc. 




dealer if you wish to obtain headsets. 
Connect the headsets to the jacks 
shown in the illustrations and make 
sure that the headsets are selected as 
the output. (See page 4-6.) 



1 . Rider headset jack 




1 . Passenger headset jack 

For CB (Citizens Band) radio transmis- 
sion, a headset is necessary; however, 
CB reception is possible without a 
headset. For intercom use, two head- 
sets are necessary. Consult a Yamaha 



4-2 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



Control unit 




1 . Volume control knob 

2. Up/down ("0") switch 

3. Audio system button "AUDIO" 

4. Selection button "SELECT" 

5. CB radio button "CB" 

Volume control knob 

This knob adjusts the audio system vol- 
ume, the CB radio reception volume, 
and the CB squelch level. 

Up/down ("a") switch 

This switch is used to perform the fol- 
lowing operations. 
Short push (less than one second) 

• Skipping songs on the cassette 
tape 

• Selecting a preset radio station 



• Selecting a track on the optional 
CD changer 

• Selecting a CB channel 

• Adjusting the CB squelch level 

• Tuning in a radio station manually 

• Adjusting the intercom volume 

• Changing the settings in a mode 
Long push (one second or more) 

• Changing the cassette deck play 
direction 

• Tuning in a radio station automati- 
cally 

• Selecting a CD in the optional CD 
changer 

Audio system button "AUDIO" 

This button is used to perform the fol- 
lowing operations. 
Short push (less than one second) 

• Turning on the audio system 

• Changing the audio source in the 
following sequence 



(Tape) 



^FM1 — 

AUX •«- 
(Auxiliary 
audio source) 



*FM2- 



• FM3- 



»AM 



(CD changer*) 



" The CD mode appears in the display only 
when the optional CD changer is installed. 



Long push (one second or more) 

• Turning off the audio system 

Selection button "SELECT" 

This button is used to perform the fol- 
lowing operations. 
Short push (less than two seconds) 

• Changing modes in the following 
sequence 



4-3 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



Audio system 



SP/HS - 
(Output) 



BASS 



- TREB — ► FAD 
(Treble) (Fade 1 ) 



Radio ■«- 
frequency 2 



AV 



(Auto 
volume) 



IC 



(Intercom 
volume) 



This mode does not appear in the display when 



1 
the headsets are selected as the output.' 

2 This mode appears in the display only when one 
of the radio frequency bands is selected as the au- 
dio source. 



CB Radio 



Long push (one second or more) 

• Turning off the CB radio 



Making basic settings 

Turning on/off the audio system 




SP/HS - 
(Output) 



-►IC (Intercom volume) - 



■RB: on/oF (Roger beep)-* 

• Programming preset radio stations 
Long push (two seconds or more) 

• Selecting the preset radio station 
programming mode 

CB radio button "CB" 

This button is used to perform the fol- 
lowing operations. 
Short push (less than one second) 

• Turning on the CB radio 

• Selecting the squelch level mode 



To turn the power on 

1. Make sure that the key is in the 
"ACC" or "ON" position. 

2. Push the "AUDIO" button once for 
less than one second. 

To turn the power off 

Push the "AUDIO" button once for one 

second or more. 



4-4 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



Adjusting the audio system volume Turning on/off the CB radio 




i/H in 
* u iu 



[audio] [select] [ CB j 




run i 

L I HJ I 



[audio! [selecjJ' [ CB J , 



be set between "0" and "20". After the 
adjustment is made, the CB radio re- 
turns to normal operation and the CB 
channel appears in the display. 



Turn the volume control knob until the 
desired audio system volume is dis- 
played (e.g., "Vo:10"). The audio sys- 
tem volume can be set between "0" and 
"30". After the adjustment is made, the 
audio system returns to normal opera- 
tion and the current audio mode ap- 
pears in the display. 



1 . CB radio indicator light 

To turn the power on 

1. Make sure that the key is in the 
"ACC" or "ON" position. 

2. Push the "CB" button once for less 
than one second. The current CB 
channel appears in the display. 

To turn the power off 
Push the "CB" button once for one sec- 
ond or more. The CB indicator light will 
go off. 

Adjusting the CB reception volume 

Turn the control knob until the desired 
CB reception volume is displayed (e.g., 
"Vo:10"). The CB reception volume can 



4-5 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



Making mode settings 

General procedure 

The following setting procedure applies 
to the audio system, CB radio, and op- 
tional CD changer. 

NOTE: 

• In order to make settings in any of 
the audio system modes, make 
sure that the audio system is se- 
lected. If necessary, push the "AU- 
DIO" button for less than one 
second. 

• In order to make settings in the CB 
radio modes, make sure that the 
CB radio is selected. If necessary, 
push the "CB" button for less than 
one second. 

1. Repeatedly push the "SELECT" 
button for less than one second 
until the desired mode appears in 
the display. With each press of the 
button, the mode changes in the 
following sequence. 



Audio system 



SP/HS - 
(Output) 



BASS 



- TREB — ► FAD 
(Treble) (Fade 1 ) 



Radio -«- 
frequency 2 



AV 



(Auto 
volume) 



IC 



(Intercom 
volume) 



This mode does not appear in the display when 



1 
the headsets are selected as the output.' 

2 This mode appears in the display only when one 
of the radio frequency bands is selected as the au- 
dio source. 



CB Radio 



SP/HS - 
(Output) 



-►IC (Intercom volume) - 



■RB: on/oF (Roger beep)-< 

2. While the selected mode is dis- 
played (for about five seconds), re- 
peatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one 
second until the desired setting is 
displayed. 



Selecting the output (speakers or 
headsets) 




1. Repeatedly push the "SELECT" 
button for less than one second 
until either "SP" (speakers) or "HS" 
and "n" (headsets) appears in the 
display. 

2. Push either side of the up/down 
switch for less than one second to 
change the setting. 

NOTE: 

The speakers and headsets cannot be 
used at the same time. 



4-6 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



Adjusting the bass level 



Adjusting the treble level 



Adjusting the fade level (balance be- 
tween front and rear speakers) 



1. 



2. 




Repeatedly push the "SELECT" 
button for less than one second 
until "BASS" appears at the bottom 
of the display. 

Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one 
second until the desired level is 
displayed. The bass level can be 
set between "-6" and "+6". 



1. 



2. 




Repeatedly push the "SELECT" 
button for less than one second 
until "TREB" appears at the bottom 
of the display. 

Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one 
second until the desired level is 
displayed. The treble level can be 
set between "-6" and "+6". 




1 . Make sure that the speakers are 
selected as the output source. 
(See the "Selecting the output" 
section.) 

2. Repeatedly push the "SELECT" 
button for less than one second 
until "FAD" appears at the bottom 
of the display. 

3. Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one 
second until the desired level is 
displayed. The fade level can be 
set between "F9" (front speakers 
only) and "R9" (rear speakers 
only). 



4-7 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



NOTE: 










When the fade level is 


set to 


"0", 


the 


front and 


rear speaker 


levels 


are 


the 


same. 











Adjusting the intercom volume 



Adjusting the auto volume 




Turning on/off the CB roger beep 




H jHJI I 



[audio] [select] [ CB j 




1. Repeatedly push the "SELECT" 
button for less than one second 
until the intercom volume (e.g., 
"IC:10") appears in the display. 

2. Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one 
second until the desired volume is 
displayed. The intercom volume 
can be set between "0" and "20". 



When riding the vehicle, external noise 
may override the audio system output 
volume. The audio system features an 
automatic volume control function 
which compensates for external noise. 

1. Repeatedly push the "SELECT" 
button for less than one second 
until the auto volume (e.g., "AV: 3") 
appears in the display. 

2. Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one 
second until the desired volume is 
displayed. The auto volume can 
be set between "0" and "5". 



1. Repeatedly push the "SELECT" 
button for less than one second 
until either "RB:on" (roger beep on) 
or "RB:oF" (roger beep off) ap- 
pears in the display. 

2. Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one 
second to change the setting. 

Intercom operation 

Provided both the rider and passenger 
are wearing headsets, they can talk to 
each other through the intercom at any 
time. (See the "Adjusting the intercom 
volume" section.) 



4-8 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



Cassette deck operation 



A WARNING 




It is dangerous to operate the 
cassette deck while riding. Nev- 
er take your hands off the han- 
dlebars while riding. 
Keep the volume at a low 
enough level to be aware of traf- 
fic conditions and ensure safe- 
ty- 



1 . Cassette deck compartment 

2. Eject ("^") button 

3. Cassette deck lid 



c 




CAUTION: _ 
Keep the 



cassette deck lid 
closed at all times, except when 
inserting or removing a cas- 
sette. 

Do not leave cassette tapes in 
direct sunlight for a long period 
of time. 

Do not allow the inside of the 
cassette deck to get wet. If this 
happens, keep the cassette 
deck lid open and dry out the 
deck in the shade. 



• To clean the tape head, use a 
de-magnetizing cleaning cas- 
sette, but be sure to turn the vol- 
ume all the way down to avoid 
speaker damage. 

Playing a cassette tape 



1. 



2. 




Oi ou 



I AUDIO J [SELECT) I CB J 



Make sure that the audio system is 
turned on. (See page 4-3.) 
Insert a cassette tape into the cas- 
sette compartment as shown. 
"LOAD", then "PLAY" appears in 
the display. (If a cassette is already 
inserted, push the "AUDIO" button 
until "PLAY" appears in the dis- 
play.) The tape starts playing. 



4-9 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



Skipping songs 




NOTE: 



The maximum number of songs 
that can be skipped in either direc- 
tion is 9. 

To stop skipping songs, push the 
up/down switch in the opposite di- 
rection that songs are being 
skipped. 



Changing the tape play direction 




While a cassette tape is playing, push 
either side of the up/down switch once 
for less than one second for each song 
to be skipped. Pushing "v" skips 
songs in the forward direction. Pushing 
"A" s ^ps songs in the reverse direc- 
tion. "APC" (auto program control) and 
the number of songs to be skipped 
(e.g., "3") appear in the display. When 
skipping songs in reverse, a minus sign 
appears in front of the number of songs 
to be skipped (e.g., "-2"). ("-1" indicates 
that the current song will be played 
again.) 



Skipping a blank 









\ 







ilLJ 






^ AUDIO J [SELECT] [ CB 


/ 



When there is a long blank portion of 
tape on the cassette, "BLS" appears in 
the display and the cassette deck auto- 
matically fast-forwards the tape to the 
next song. 



While the cassette tape is playing, push 
either side of the up/down switch for 
more than one second to reverse the 
play direction. "F" appears in the dis- 
play when the tape is played in the for- 
ward direction. "R" appears in the 
display when the tape is played in the 
reverse direction. 



4-10 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



Turning on/off the Dolby noise re- 
duction system 



Ejecting the cassette tape 









\ 







1 LI l_l 






^ AUDIO J [SELECT] [ CB 


/ 



While the cassette tape is playing, push 
the eject ("a") button for more than 
two seconds to turn the Dolby B noise 
reduction system on or off. "B NR" ap- 
pears in the display when the noise re- 
duction system is turned on. 

NOTE: 

• The Dolby noise reduction system 
has been manufactured under li- 
cense from Dolby Laboratories Li- 
censing Corporation. 

• Dolby and the double "D" symbol 
are registered trademarks of Dolby 
Laboratories Licensing Corpora- 
tion. 



Radio operation 




1 . Eject (" ^ ") button 

Push the eject ("a") button to eject the 
tape from the cassette deck. "EJCT" 
appears in the display, and then 
"CASS" starts flashing. 




f— 1 



1. Radio antenna 




1 . Antenna sleeve 



4-11 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



A WARNING 



Selecting a frequency band 



It is dangerous to operate the ra- 
dio while riding. Never take your 
hands off the handlebars while 
riding. 

Keep the volume at a low 
enough level to be aware of traf- 
fic conditions and ensure safe- 
ty- 

Never ride the motorcycle with 
the radio antenna folded down. 



NOTE: 



The antenna can be folded down 
after lifting the sleeve. 
Be sure to tighten the antenna nut 
securely when putting the antenna 
back to the original position. 




1 . Frequency band 

This radio offers three FM bands and 
one AM band. Since all three FM bands 
cover the whole FM frequency range, 
any one of them can be selected for 
tuning in an FM station. These three 
FM bands are useful for categorizing 
FM preset stations. Repeatedly push 
the "AUDIO" button for less than one 
second until the desired frequency 
band appears in the display. 



(Tape) 



*.FM1 — 

AUX •«- 
(Auxiliary 
audio source) 



.-FM2- 



*FM3- 



*AM 



(CD changer*) 



* The CD mode appears in the display only 
when the optional CD changer is installed. 



Tuning in a radio station automati- 
cally 



2. 




1 . Select a frequency band. (See the 
"Selecting a frequency band" sec- 
tion.) 

Push either side of the up/down 
switch once for one second or 
more. The radio automatically 



4-12 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



tunes in the first station that has a 
strong enough signal to be re- 
ceived. 



played. The frequency changes in Programing 
0.2-MHz steps for FM and in 10- manually 
kHz steps for AM. 



preset radio stations 



Tuning in a radio station manually Tuning in a preset radio station 




In order to tune in a particular radio sta- 
tion (e.g., when the signal is too weak 
for automatic tuning), the radio frequen- 
cy can be selected manually as follows. 
1 . Select a frequency band. (See the 
"Selecting a frequency band" sec- 
tion.) 

Repeatedly push the "SELECT" 
button for less than one second 
until the currently selected radio 
frequency appears in the display. 
Push either side of the up/down 
switch for less than one second 
until the desired frequency is dis- 



2. 



3. 




1 . Preset station number 

1 . Select a frequency band. (See the 
"Selecting a frequency band" sec- 
tion.) 

2. Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one 
second until the desired preset 
station number is displayed. 

NOTE: 

To be able to tune in a preset radio sta- 
tion, you must have previously pro- 
grammed at least one. (See the 
following sections.) 




— N _\_i_/ 

1 'occt 



-IJU 



J 3 

I CH._I 

/ r / T r l =/ f r f N n 

[audio J [select) [ CB J J 



Up to six stations can be programmed 
for each frequency band (FM1, FM2, 
FM3, and AM) using either manual or 
automatic tuning. 

Using manual tuning 

1. Manually tune in a radio station 
that you wish to preset. (See the 
"Tuning in a preset radio station" 
section.) 

2. Push the "SELECT" button once 
for two seconds or more. The radio 
frequency and preset station num- 
ber "1" (to the right of "CH.") start 
flashing. 



4-13 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



3. Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one 
second until the desired preset 
number ("1" through "6") is dis- 
played. 

NOTE: 

Selecting "A" will automatically pro- 
gram the preset stations. See the fol- 
lowing section. 

4. Push the "SELECT" button once 
for less than one second to store 
the radio station selected in step 1 
under the preset number selected 
in step 3. 

5. Repeat this procedure to preset 
other radio stations. 

Using automatic tuning 

1 . Select a frequency band. (See the 
"Selecting a frequency band" sec- 
tion.) 

2. Push the "SELECT" button once 
for two seconds or more. The radio 
frequency and preset station num- 
ber "1" (to the right of "CH.") start 
flashing. 



3. Push either side of the up/down 
switch once for one second or 
more to tune in a station automati- 
cally. 

4. Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one 
second until the desired preset 
number ("1" through "6") is dis- 
played. 

5. Push the "SELECT" button once 
for less than one second to store 
the radio station selected in step 3 
under the preset number selected 
in step 4. 

6. Repeat this procedure to preset 
other radio stations. 

Programing preset radio stations 
automatically 




"K 



-\-l-/- 



A 



A. 



4 X ' DCCu 
jfl JJJh 

I AUDIO J [SELECT) I CB J , 



Up to six stations can be programmed 
automatically for each frequency band 
(FM1 , FM2, FM3, and AM) as follows. 

NOTE: 

This function works best in areas with 
strong radio signals. 

1 . Select a frequency band. (See the 
"Selecting a frequency band" sec- 
tion.) 

2. Push the "SELECT" button once 
for two seconds or more. The radio 
frequency and preset station num- 
ber "1" (to the right of "CH.") start 
flashing. 




3. Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one 
second until "A" (automatic) ap- 
pears in the display. 



4-14 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



4. Push the "SELECT" button once 
for less than one second to pro- 
gram preset radio stations auto- 
matically. 



Optional CD changer 
operation 



A WARNING 



• It is dangerous to operate the 
CD changer while riding. Never 
take your hands off the handle- 
bars while riding. 

• Keep the volume at a low 
enough level to be aware of traf- 
fic conditions and ensure safe- 
ty- 

An optional six-disc CD changer can be 
mounted in the travel trunk. Ask a 
Yamaha dealer to install the genuine 
Clarion CDC635 model. 

Playing a CD 



1. Insert up to six CDs into the CD 
changer. Follow the manufactur- 
er's directions. 

2. Push the "AUDIO" button until 
"(g> H as well as the CD number 
and track number (e.g., "6-3") ap- 
pear in the display. The CD starts 
playing. 

NOTE: 

"6-3" indicates track no. 3 on CD no. 6. 



Selecting a CD 










\ 







C „ ~! 
U _l 






AUDIO 1 [SELECT) 1 CB 


J 



Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for one second or more 
until the number for the desired CD ap- 
pears in the display. 



4-15 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



Selecting a CD track 

Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one sec- 
ond until the number for the desired CD 
track appears in the display. 



CB radio operation 




1. CB antenna 




1 . Antenna sleeve 



A WARNING 



• It is dangerous to change CB ra- 
dio channels or adjust the vol- 
ume while riding. Never take 
your hands off the handlebars 
while riding. 

• Keep the volume at a low 
enough level to be aware of traf- 
fic conditions and ensure safe- 
ty- 

• Never ride the motorcycle with 
the CB antenna folded down. 

NOTE: 

The antenna can be folded down after 
lifting the sleeve. 

This CB radio will operate on any of the 
40 frequencies designated as Citizens 
band channels by the Federal Commu- 
nications Commission (F.C.C.). This 
model features a frequency-synthesiz- 
ing circuit with PHASE LOCK LOOP 
technology to assure ultra-precise fre- 
quency control. This radio has been 
Type-Accepted and Type-Certified by 
the F.C.C. 



4-16 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



The Citizens Band Radio Service is 
under the jurisdiction of the Federal 
Communications Commission 

(F.C.C.). Any adjustments or modifi- 
cations which would alter the perfor- 
mance of the transceiver's original 
F.C.C. Type Acceptance or which 
would change the frequency-deter- 
mining method are strictly prohibit- 
ed. Replacement or substitution of 
Crystals, Transistors, IC, Regulator 
Diodes or any other part of unique 
nature with parts other than those 
recommended may cause violation 
of the technical regulation of Part 95 
of the F.C.C. Rules or Violation of 
Type Acceptance requirements of 
Part 2 of the Rules. 

Elimination of licensing 

The Federal Communications Com- 
mission (F.C.C.) has ruled that Citizens 
Band Radio Service Operators no long- 
er are required to obtain an F.C.C. li- 
cense to operate their CB equipment. 
In doing so, the F.C.C. also decided to 
permit CB station operation without sta- 
tion identification. Elimination of individ- 
ual station license results in no 



lessening of the operating privileges or 
responsibilities of CB users. An opera- 
tor of a CB radio station is still required 
to comply with the Communications Act 
and with the rules of CB Radio Service. 

CB radio functions 

The CB radio is capable of the following 
functions, which are further explained 
in the following sections: 

• Selecting a CB channel for trans- 
mitting or receiving 

• Adjusting the squelch level 

• Adjusting the receiving volume lev- 
el 

• Transmitting and receiving 

Selecting a CB channel 




run i 
l 1 1 u I 



[ AUDIO j [sELECJjf [ CB j 



1 



1. Make sure that the CB radio is 
turned on and is selected. (See 
page 4-6.) 

2. Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one 
second until the desired CB chan- 
nel ("Ch:01" through "Ch:40") is 
displayed. 

NOTE: 

All channels, except channel 9, may be 
used for communications between sta- 
tions operating under different licenses. 
Channel 9 has been reserved by the 
F.C.C. for emergency communications 
involving the immediate safety of indi- 
viduals or immediate protection of prop- 
erty. Channel 9 may also be used to 
render assistance to a motorist. This is 
an F.C.C. rule and applies to all opera- 
tors of CB radios. 



1 . CB radio indicator light 
4-17 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



Adjusting the squelch level 




The squelch is a noise suppresser de- 
signed to reduce or eliminate back- 
ground noise in the absence of an 
incoming signal. The squelch level can 
be adjusted as follows. 

1 . Push the "CB" button once for less 
than one second. The squelch lev- 
el appears in the display (e.g., 
"SQ:10"). 

2. Repeatedly push either side of the 
up/down switch for less than one 
second or turn the control knob un- 
til the desired squelch level is dis- 
played. The squelch level can be 
set between "1" and "20". After the 
adjustment is made, the CB radio 



returns to normal operation and 
the CB channel appears in the dis- 
play. 
For maximum reception sensitivity, the 
squelch level should be set by turning 
the control knob fully counterclockwise, 
and then slowly turning it clockwise un- 
til the background noise has been suffi- 
ciently reduced. In order for an 
incoming CB signal to be heard, it must 
be stronger than the noise received. 
Turning the control further clockwise 
will increase the threshold level that a 
signal must overcome in order to be 
heard. Only strong signals will be heard 
at the maximum setting. 



Adjusting the receiving volume 




CI' u iu 



[audio] [select] [ CB j 




> ' .."in 

O LH-U 



[audio] [select] [ CB j J 



Turn the volume control knob to 
change the receiving volume level of 
the CB radio. After setting the level, the 
display will automatically change back 
to the "CB" mode and the channel will 
appear. The volume level can be set 
between "0" and "20". 



4-18 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



Channel information 


Channel 


Channel Frequency in MHz 


Channel 


Channel Frequency in MHz 


1 


26.965 


21 


27.215 


2 


26.975 


22 


27.225 


3 


36.985 


23 


27.235 


4 


27.005 


24 


27.245 


5 


27.015 


25 


27.255 


6 


27.025 


26 


27.265 


7 


27.035 


27 


27.275 


8 


27.055 


28 


27.285 


9 


27.065 


29 


27.295 


10 


27.075 


30 


27.305 


11 


27.085 


31 


27.315 


12 


27.105 


32 


27.325 


13 


27.115 


33 


27.335 


14 


27.125 


34 


27.345 


15 


27.135 


35 


27.355 


16 


27.155 


36 


27.365 


17 


27.165 


37 


27.375 


18 


27.175 


38 


27.385 


19 


27.185 


39 


27.395 


20 


27.205 


40 


27.405 


NOTE! 



This radio has been designed for operation in the 1 1 -meter Citizens Band Radio Service. It uses a frequency-synthesizing 
circuit with Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) technology to provide crystal-controlled transmit and receive operation on all 40 chan- 
nels. The PLL circuitry assures ultra-precise frequency control and is designed to meet the Federal Communications Com- 
mission requirements applicable to equipment operating in the Citizens Radio Service; it is not to be used for any other 
purpose. 



4-19 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 



Transmitting and receiving 

Transmission 



A 







run i 

L i HJ I 



[audio] [select] [ CB j 




1 . Passenger "TALK" button 



Reception 
Push the rider "TALK" switch or the " R D X " a ™ ears in the display when the 
passenger "TALK" button to transmit. CB radl ° IS receivin 9 a sl 9 naL 
"TX" appears in the display. 










\ 







f RX "I 

run i 

L 1 HJ 1 






^ AUDIO J [SELECT] [ CB 


/ 



Auxiliary audio source 
operation 

Auxiliary audio equipment can be con- 
nected to, and played through, the au- 
dio system. 
1. Insert the output plug of the auxil- 
iary equipment into the jack locat- 
ed at the right of the cassette deck. 




1 . Auxiliary audio input jack 

2. Repeatedly push the "AUDIO" but- 
ton for less than one second until 
"AUX" appears in the display. The 
auxiliary equipment can now be 
played through the audio system. 



1 . "Talk" switch 



4-20 



AUDIO SYSTEM AND CB RADIO 









\ 













^ AUDIO J [SELECT] [ CB 


/ 



4-21 



PRE-OPERATION CHECKS 



The condition of a vehicle is the owner's responsibility. Vital components can start to deteriorate quickly and unexpectedly, 
even if the vehicle remains unused (for example, as a result of exposure to the elements). Any damage, fluid leakage or loss 
of tire air pressure could have serious consequences. Therefore, it is very important, in addition to a thorough visual inspec- 
tion, to check the following points before each ride. 

NOTE: 

Pre-operation checks should be made each time the vehicle is used. Such an inspection can be accomplished in a very short 
time; and the added safety it assures is more than worth the time involved. 



A WARNING 



If any item in the Pre-operation check list is not working properly, have it inspected and repaired before operating 
the vehicle. 



5-1 



PRE-OPERATION CHECKS 



Pre-operation check list 



ITEM 


CHECKS 


PAGE 


Fuel 


• Check fuel level in fuel tank. 

• Refuel if necessary. 

• Check fuel line for leakage. 


3-10 


Engine oil 


• Check oil level in engine. 

• If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level. 

• Check vehicle for oil leakage. 


7-12 


Final gear oil 


• Check vehicle for oil leakage. 


7-15 


Coolant 


• Check coolant level in reservoir. 

• If necessary, add recommended coolant to specified level. 

• Check cooling system for leakage. 


7-16 


Front brake 


• Check operation. 

• If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system. 

• Check lever free play. 

• Adjust if necessary. 

• Check brake pads for wear. 

• Replace if necessary. 

• Check fluid level in reservoir. 

• If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to specified level. 

• Check hydraulic system for leakage. 


7-24, 7-25, 7-25 


Rear brake 


• Check operation. 

• If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system. 

• Check brake pads for wear. 

• Replace if necessary. 

• Check fluid level in reservoir. 

• If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to specified level. 

• Check hydraulic system for leakage. 


7-25, 7-25 



5-2 



PRE-OPERATION CHECKS 



ITEM 


CHECKS 


PAGE 


Clutch 


• Check operation. 

• If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system. 

• Check fluid level in reservoir. 

• If necessary, add recommended fluid to specified level. 

• Check hydraulic system for leakage. 


7-23, 7-25 


Throttle grip 


• Make sure that operation is smooth. 

• Check cable free play. 

• If necessary, have Yamaha dealer adjust cable free play and lubricate cable and 
grip housing. 


7-20, 7-27 


Control cables 


• Make sure that operation is smooth. 

• Lubricate if necessary. 


7-27 


Wheels and tires 


• Check for damage. 

• Check tire condition and tread depth. 

• Check air pressure. 

• Correct if necessary. 


7-20, 7-22 


Brake and shift pedals 


• Make sure that operation is smooth. 

• Lubricate pedal pivoting points if necessary. 


7-28 


Brake and clutch levers 


• Make sure that operation is smooth. 

• Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary. 


7-28 


Sidestand 


• Make sure that operation is smooth. 

• Lubricate pivot if necessary. 


7-29 


Chassis fasteners 


• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened. 

• Tighten if necessary. 


— 


Instruments, lights, signals 
and switches 


• Check operation. 

• Correct if necessary. 


— 


Sidestand switch 


• Check operation of ignition circuit cut-off system. 

• If system is defective, have Yamaha dealer check vehicle. 


3-18 



5-3 



OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS 



A WARNING 



• Become thoroughly familiar 
with all operating controls and 
their functions before riding. 
Consult a Yamaha dealer re- 
garding any control or function 
that you do not thoroughly un- 
derstand. 

• Never start the engine or oper- 
ate it in a closed area for any 
length of time. Exhaust fumes 
are poisonous, and inhaling 
them can cause loss of con- 
sciousness and death within a 
short time. Always make sure 
that there is adequate ventila- 
tion. 

• Before starting out, make sure 
that the sidestand is up. If the 
sidestand is not raised com- 
pletely, it could contact the 
ground and distract the opera- 
tor, resulting in a possible loss 
of control. 



Starting and warming up a 
cold engine 

In order for the ignition circuit cut-off 
system to enable starting, one of the 
following conditions must be met: 

• The transmission is in the neutral 
position. 

• The transmission is in gear with 
the clutch lever pulled and the sid- 
estand up. 



A WARNING 



CAUTION: 



• Before starting the engine, 
check the function of the igni- 
tion circuit cut-off system ac- 
cording to the procedure 
described on page 3-19. 

• Never ride with the sidestand 
down. 

1 . Turn the fuel cock lever to "ON". 

2. Turn the key to "ON" and make 
sure that the engine stop switch is 
set to" o". 



If the fuel level warning light comes 
on, check the fuel level, and, if nec- 
essary, refuel as soon as possible. 

3. Shift the transmission into the neu- 
tral position. 

NOTE: 

When the transmission is in the neutral 
position, the neutral indicator light 
should be on, otherwise have a 
Yamaha dealer check the electrical cir- 
cuit. 

4. Turn the starter (choke) on and 
completely close the throttle. (See 
page 3-12.) 

5. Start the engine by pushing the 
start switch. 

NOTE: 

If the engine fails to start, release the 
start switch, wait a few seconds, and 
then try again. Each starting attempt 
should be as short as possible to pre- 
serve the battery. Do not crank the en- 
gine more than 10 seconds on any one 
attempt. 



6-1 



OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS 



CAUTION: 



The engine trouble warning light 
should come on when the start 
switch is pushed, and it should go 
off when the start switch is released. 
If the engine trouble warning does 
not come on when pushing the start 
switch, or it remains on after start- 
ing, have a Yamaha dealer check the 
self-diagnosis device. 

6. After starting the engine, move the 
starter (choke) back halfway. 

ECA11130 

CAUTION: 

For maximum engine life, always 
warm the engine up before starting 
off. Never accelerate hard when the 
engine is cold! 

7. When the engine is warm, turn the 
starter (choke) off. 

NOTE: 

The engine is warm when it responds 
normally to the throttle with the starter 
(choke) turned off. To avoid the possi- 
bility of excessive exhaust emissions, 
never leave the starter (choke) on long- 



er than necessary. The time necessary 
for starter (choke) use depends upon 
the ambient temperature. Tempera- 
tures above 10 °C (50 °F) require about 
7 seconds of starter (choke) use and 
temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) re- 
quire about 35 seconds with the starter 
(choke) turned on, then about 2.5 min- 
utes with the starter (choke) in the half- 
way position. 



Starting a warm engine 

Follow the same procedure as for start- 
ing a cold engine with the exception 
that the starter (choke) is not required 
when the engine is warm. 



6-2 



OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS 



Shifting 




1 . Shift pedal 

2. Neutral position 

Shifting gears lets you control the 
amount of engine power available for 
starting off, accelerating, climbing hills, 
etc. 

The gear positions are shown in the il- 
lustration. 

NOTE: 

To shift the transmission into the neu- 
tral position, press the shift pedal down 
repeatedly until it reaches the end of its 
travel, and then slightly raise it. 



CAUTION: 

• Even with the transmission in 
the neutral position, do not 
coast for long periods of time 
with the engine off, and do not 
tow the motorcycle for long dis- 
tances. The transmission is 
properly lubricated only when 
the engine is running. Inade- 
quate lubrication may damage 
the transmission. 

• Always use the clutch while 
changing gears to avoid damag- 
ing the engine, transmission, 
and drive train, which are not 
designed to withstand the 
shock of forced shifting. 



To start out and accelerate 

1 . Pull the clutch lever to disengage 
the clutch. 

2. Shift the transmission into first 
gear. The neutral indicator light 
should go out. 

3. Open the throttle gradually, and at 
the same time, release the clutch 
lever slowly. 

6-3 



4. At the recommended shift points 
shown in the following table, close 
the throttle, and at the same time, 
quickly pull the clutch lever in. 

5. Shift the transmission into second 
gear. (Make sure not to shift the 
transmission into the neutral posi- 
tion.) 

6. Open the throttle part way and 
gradually release the clutch lever. 

7. Follow the same procedure when 
shifting to the next higher gear. 

NOTE: 

Always shift gears at the recommended 
shift points. 



To decelerate 

1 . Apply both the front and the rear 
brakes to slow the motorcycle. 

2. Shift the transmission into first 
gear when the motorcycle reaches 
16 km/h (25 mi/h). If the engine is 
about to stall or runs very roughly, 
pull the clutch lever in and use the 
brakes to stop the motorcycle. 



OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS 



3. Shift the transmission into the neu- 
tral position when the motorcycle 
is almost completely stopped. The 
neutral indicator light should come 
on. 

EAU 16720 

Recommended shift points 

The recommended shift points during 
acceleration and deceleration are 
shown in the table below. 



Shift i 


jp points: 




1st 


^2nd 


20 km/h 


(13mi/h) 


2nd 


^3rd 


:30km/h(19mi/h) 


3rd 


^4th: 


40 km/h 


(25 mi/h) 


4th 


->5th: 


50 km/h 


(31 mi/h) 


Shift down points: 




5th 


^4th: 


25 km/h 


(16 mi/h) 


4th 


^3rd: 


25 km/h 


(16 mi/h) 


3rd 


-►2nd 


:25km/h(16mi/h) 


2nd 


-> 1st 


25 km/h 


(16 mi/h) 



Engine break-in 

There is never a more important period 
in the life of your engine than the period 
between and 1600 km (1000 mi). For 
this reason, you should read the follow- 
ing material carefully. 
Since the engine is brand new, do not 
put an excessive load on it for the first 
1 600 km (1 000 mi). The various parts in 
the engine wear and polish themselves 
to the correct operating clearances. 
During this period, prolonged full-throt- 
tle operation or any condition that might 
result in engine overheating must be 
avoided. 



0-1000 km (0-600 mi) 

Avoid prolonged operation above 1/3 

throttle. 

1000-1600 km (600-1000 mi) 

Avoid prolonged operation above 1/2 
throttle. 



CAUTION: 

After 1000 km (600 mi) of operation, 
the engine oil and final gear oil must 
be changed, and the oil filter car- 
tridge or element replaced. 

1600 km (1000 mi) and beyond 

The vehicle can now be operated nor- 
mally. 

ECA 10270 

CAUTION: 

If any engine trouble should occur 
during the engine break-in period, 
immediately have a Yamaha dealer 
check the vehicle. 



6-4 



OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS 



Parking 

When parking, stop the engine, remove 
the key from the main switch, and then 
turn the fuel cock lever to "OFF". 



A WARNING 



Since the engine and exhaust 
system can become very hot, 
park in a place where pedestri- 
ans or children are not likely to 
touch them. 

Do not park on a slope or on soft 
ground, otherwise the vehicle 
may overturn. 



6-5 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Safety is an obligation of the owner. Pe- 
riodic inspection, adjustment and lubri- 
cation will keep your vehicle in the 
safest and most efficient condition pos- 
sible. The most important points of 
motorcycle inspection, adjustment, and 
lubrication are explained on the follow- 
ing pages. 

Maintenance, replacement, or repair 
of the emission control devices and 
systems may be performed by any 
repair establishment or individual 
that is certified (if applicable). 



A WARNING 



If you are not familiar with mainte- 
nance work, have a Yamaha dealer 
do it for you. 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 

PROPER PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 
OF YOUR VEHICLE IS IMPORTANT 
IN ORDER TO ENJOY LONG, PLEA- 
SURABLE SERVICE. ESPECIALLY 
IMPORTANT ARE THE MAINTE- 
NANCE SERVICES RELATED TO 
EMISSIONS CONTROL THESE 
CONTROLS NOT ONLY FUNCTION 
TO ENSURE CLEANER AIR, BUT 
ARE ALSO VITAL TO PROPER EN- 
GINE OPERATION AND MAXIMUM 
PERFORMANCE. IN THE FOLLOW- 
ING PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 
CHARTS, THE SERVICES RELATED 
TO EMISSIONS CONTROL ARE 
GROUPED SEPARATELY. THESE 
SERVICES REQUIRE SPECIALIZED 
DATA, KNOWLEDGE, AND EQUIP- 
MENT. YAMAHA DEALERS ARE 
TRAINED AND EQUIPPED TO PER- 
FORM THESE PARTICULAR SER- 
VICES. 



Owner's tool kit 




1 . Owner's tool kit 

The owner's tool kit is located inside the 
right sidecase. (See page 3-14.) 
The service information included in this 
manual and the tools provided in the 
owner's tool kit are intended to assist 
you in the performance of preventive 
maintenance and minor repairs. How- 
ever, additional tools such as a torque 
wrench may be necessary to perform 
certain maintenance work correctly. 

NOTE: 

If you do not have the tools or experi- 
ence required for a particular job, have 
a Yamaha dealer perform it for you. 



7-1 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



A WARNING 



Modifications not approved by 
Yamaha may cause loss of perfor- 
mance, excessive emissions, and 
render the vehicle unsafe for use. 
Consult a Yamaha dealer before at- 
tempting any changes. 



7-2 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system 










No. 


ITEM 


ROUTINE 


INITIAL 


ODOMETER READINGS 


600 mi 
(1000 km) 

or 
1 month 


4000 mi 
(7000 km) 

or 
6 months 


8000 mi 
(13000 km) 

or 
12 months 


12000 mi 
(19000 km) 

or 
18 months 


16000 mi 
(25000 km) 

or 
24 months 


20000 mi 
(31000 km) 

or 
30 months 


1 


* 


Fuel line 


• Check fuel hoses for cracks or 
damage. 

• Replace if necessary. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


2 


* 


Fuel filter 


• Replace. 












Replace. 


3 




Spark plugs 


• Check condition. 

• Adjust gap and clean. 

• Replace every 8000 mi (13000 
km) or 12 months. 




V 


Replace. 


V 


Replace. 


V 


4 


* 


Valve clearance 


• Check and adjust valve clearance 
when engine is cold. 


Every 26600 mi (42000 km) 


5 


* 


Crankcase breather 
system 


• Check breather hose for cracks or 
damage. 

• Replace if necessary. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


6 


* 


Carburetor synchro- 
nization 


• Adjust synchronization of carbu- 
retors. 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


7 


* 


Idle speed 


• Check and adjust engine idle 
speed. 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


8 


* 


Exhaust system 


• Check for leakage. 

• Tighten if necessary. 

• Replace gasket(s) if necessary. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


9 


* 


Evaporative emis- 
sion control system 
(For California only) 


• Check control system for dam- 
age. 

• Replace if necessary. 








V 







* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service. 

7-3 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



General maintenance and lubrication chart 







ITEM 


ROUTINE 


INITIAL 


ODOMETER READINGS 


No. 


600 mi 
(1000 km) 

or 
1 month 


4000 mi 
(7000 km) 

or 
6 months 


8000 mi 
(13000 km) 

or 
12 months 


12000 mi 
(19000 km) 

or 
18 months 


16000 mi 
(25000 km) 

or 
24 months 


20000 mi 
(31000 km) 

or 
30 months 


1 


* 


Air filter element 


• Clean with compressed air. 

• Replace if necessary. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


2 


* 


Clutch 


• Check operation and fluid leak- 
age. 

• Correct if necessary. 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


3 


* 


Front brake 


• Check operation, fluid level, and 
for fluid leakage. 

• Replace brake pads if necessary. 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


4 


* 


Rear brake 


• Check operation, fluid level, and 
for fluid leakage. 

• Replace brake pads if necessary. 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


5 


* 


Brake hoses 


• Check for cracks or damage. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


• Replace. 


Every 4 years 


6 


* 


Wheels 


• Check runout and for damage. 

• Replace if necessary. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


7 


* 


Tires 


• Check tread depth and for dam- 
age. 

• Replace if necessary. 

• Check air pressure. 

• Correct if necessary. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


8 


* 


Wheel bearings 


• Check bearings for smooth oper- 
ation. 

• Replace if necessary. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 



7-4 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 







ITEM 


ROUTINE 


INITIAL 


ODOMETER READINGS 


No. 


600 mi 
(1000 km) 

or 
1 month 


4000 mi 
(7000 km) 

or 
6 months 


8000 mi 
(13000 km) 

or 
12 months 


12000 mi 
(19000 km) 

or 
18 months 


16000 mi 
(25000 km) 

or 
24 months 


20000 mi 
(31000 km) 

or 
30 months 


9 


* 


Swingarm pivot 
bearings 


• Check bearing assemblies for 
looseness. 

• Moderately repack with lithium- 
soap-based grease. 






V 




Repack. 




10 


* 


Steering bearings 


• Check bearing assemblies for 
looseness. 

• Moderately repack with lithium- 
soap-based grease every 1 6000 
mi (25000 km) or 24 months. 


V 


V 


V 


V 


Repack. 


V 


11 


* 


Chassis fasteners 


• Check all chassis fitting and fas- 
teners. 

• Correct if necessary. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


12 




Brake and clutch le- 
ver pivot shafts 


• Apply lithium-soap-based grease 
(all-purpose grease) lightly. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


13 




Brake and shift ped- 
al pivot shafts 


• Apply lithium-soap-based grease 
(all-purpose grease) lightly. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


14 




Sidestand pivot 


• Check operation. 

• Apply lithium-soap-based grease 
(all-purpose grease) lightly. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


15 


* 


Sidestand switch 


• Check operation and replace if 
necessary. 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


16 


* 


Front fork 


• Check operation and for oil leak- 
age. 

• Replace if necessary. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


17 


* 


Shock absorber as- 
sembly 


• Check operation and for oil leak- 
age. 

• Replace if necessary. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 



7-5 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 







ITEM 


ROUTINE 


INITIAL 


ODOMETER READINGS 


No. 


600 mi 
(1000 km) 

or 
1 month 


4000 mi 
(7000 km) 

or 
6 months 


8000 mi 
(13000 km) 

or 
12 months 


12000 mi 
(19000 km) 

or 
18 months 


16000 mi 
(25000 km) 

or 
24 months 


20000 mi 
(31000 km) 

or 
30 months 


18 


* 


Rear suspension 
link pivots 


• Apply lithium-soap-based grease 
lightly. 










V 




19 




Engine oil 


• Change (warm engine before 
draining). 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


20 


* 


Engine oil filter car- 
tridge 


• Replace. 


V 




V 




V 




21 


* 


Cooling system 


• Check hoses for cracks or dam- 
age. 

• Replace if necessary. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


• Change with ethylene glycol anti- 
freeze coolant every 24 months. 










Change. 




22 




Final gear oil 


• Check oil level and for oil leakage. 

• Change at initial 600 mi (1000 
km) or 1 month, and thereafter 
every 16000 mi (25000 km) or 24 
months. 


Change. 


V 


V 


V 


Change. 


V 


23 


* 


Control cables 


• Apply Yamaha chain and cable 
lube or engine oil SAE 10W-30 
thoroughly. 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


V 


24 


* 


Throttle grip hous- 
ing and cable 


• Check operation and free play. 

• Adjust the throttle cable free play 
if necessary. 

• Lubricate the throttle grip housing 
and cable. 




V 


V 


V 


V 


V 



Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service. 



7-6 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 






NOTE: 


From 24000 mi (37000 km) or 36 months, repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 8000 mi 


(13000 km) or 


12 months. 


NOTE: 




EAU 17660 



• The air filter needs more frequent service if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas. 

• Hydraulic brake and clutch systems 

• After disassembling the brake or clutch master cylinders, caliper cylinders or clutch release cylinder, always change 
the fluid. Regularly check the brake and clutch fluid levels and fill the reservoirs as required. 

• Replace the oil seals on the inner parts of the brake or clutch master cylinders, caliper cylinders and clutch release 
cylinder every two years. 

• Replace the brake and clutch hoses every four years or if cracked or damaged. 



7-7 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Removing and installing 
cowlings and panels 

The cowlings and panels shown need 
to be removed to perform some of the 
maintenance jobs described in this 
chapter. Refer to this section each time 
a cowling or panel needs to be re- 
moved and installed. 




1. Cowling A 

2. Panel A 





1. Cowling B 

2. Panel B 

3. Panel C 

EAU35841 

Cowling A 

To remove the cowling 

1 . Remove the bolts. 

2. Remove the quick fastener screw 
by turning it 1/4 turn counterclock- 
wise, and then take the cowling off. 



1. Cowling A 

2. Bolt 

3. Quick fastener screw 




1. Bolt 



To install the cowling 
Place the cowling in the original posi- 
tion, and then install the quick fastener 
screw and the bolts. 



7-8 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 




1. Grommet 

2. Projection 

3. Cowling A 

NOTE: 



Make sure that the projection fits into 
the grommet. 



Cowling B 

To remove the cowling 

1 . Remove cowling A. 

2. Remove the bolts, and then pull 
the cowling off as shown. 




1. Cowling B 

2. Bolt 




1. Bolt 



To install the cowling 
1. Place the cowling in the original 
position, and then install the bolts. 



NOTE: 

Make sure that the projection fits into 
the grommet. 

2. Install cowling A. 



Panels A and B 

To remove one of the panels 
Remove the bolt, and then pull the pan- 
el off as shown. 




1 . Panel A 

2. Bolt 



7-9 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 




1 . Panel B 

2. Bolt 

To install the panel 

Place the panel in the original position, 

and then install the bolt. 






Panel C 



1 . Panel C 

EAU19332 2 Screw 

3. Bolt 



To remove the panel 

1. Remove the left passenger foot- 
rest by removing the bolts. 

2. Remove the screw, and then pull 
the panel off as shown. 



To install the panel 
1 . Place the panel in the original posi- 
tion, and then install the screw. 




2. Install the passenger footrest by 
installing the bolts. 



7-10 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Checking the spark plugs 

The spark plugs are important engine 
components, which are easy to check. 
Since heat and deposits will cause any 
spark plug to slowly erode, the spark 
plugs should be removed and checked 
in accordance with the periodic mainte- 
nance and lubrication chart. In addition, 
the condition of the spark plugs can re- 
veal the condition of the engine. 

To remove a spark plug 

1 . Remove the spark plug cap. 




Spark plug cap 



Remove the spark plug as shown, 
with the spark plug wrench includ- 
ed in the owner's tool kit. 




Spark plug wrench 



To check the spark plugs 

1 . Check that the porcelain insulator 
around the center electrode on 
each spark plug is a medium-to- 
light tan (the ideal color when the 
vehicle is ridden normally). 

2. Check that all spark plugs installed 
in the engine have the same color. 

NOTE: 

If any spark plug shows a distinctly dif- 
ferent color, the engine could be defec- 
tive. Do not attempt to diagnose such 
problems yourself. Instead, have a 
Yamaha dealer check the vehicle. 



3. Check each spark plug for elec- 
trode erosion and excessive car- 
bon or other deposits, and replace 
it if necessary. 



Specified spark plug: 

NGK/DPR8EA-9 
DENSO/X24EPR-U9 



To install a spark plug 

1. Measure the spark plug gap with a 
wire thickness gauge and, if nec- 
essary, adjust the gap to specifica- 
tion. 




1. Spark plug gap 



Spark plug gap: 

0.8-0.9 mm (0.031-0.035 in) 



7-11 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



2. Clean the surface of the spark plug 
gasket and its mating surface, and 
then wipe off any grime from the 
spark plug threads. 

3. Install the spark plug with the 
spark plug wrench, and then tight- 
en it to the specified torque. 



Canister (for California only) 



Tightening torque: 

Spark plug: 

17.5 Nm (1.75 m-kgf, 12.5 fMbf) 



NOTE: 

If a torque wrench is not available when 
installing a spark plug, a good estimate 
of the correct torque is 1/4-1/2 turn 
past finger tight. However, the spark 
plug should be tightened to the speci- 
fied torque as soon as possible. 

4. Install the spark plug cap. 



CARB.CARB. 

00 



FROM 
FUEL TANK 



IP 

VENT 



CANISTER 



This model is equipped with a canister 
to prevent the discharging of fuel vapor 
into the atmosphere. 

• Check each hose connection. 

• Check each hose and canister for 
cracks or damage. Replace if dam- 
aged. 

• Make sure the vent hose is not 
blocked. Clean it if necessary. 



Engine oil and oil filter 
cartridge 

The engine oil level should be checked 
before each ride. In addition, the oil 
must be changed and the oil filter car- 
tridge replaced at the intervals speci- 
fied in the periodic maintenance and 
lubrication chart. 

To check the engine oil level 

1. Place the vehicle on a level sur- 
face and hold it in an upright posi- 
tion. 

NOTE: 

Make sure that the vehicle is positioned 
straight up when checking the oil level. 
A slight tilt to the side can result in a 
false reading. 

2. Start the engine, warm it up for 
several minutes, and then turn it 
off. 

3. Wait a few minutes until the oil set- 
tles, and then check the oil level 
through the check window located 
at the bottom-right side of the 
crankcase. 



7-12 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



NOTE: 

The engine oil should be between the 
minimum and maximum level marks. 




1 . Engine oil level check window 

2. Maximum level mark 

3. Minimum level mark 

4. If the engine oil is below the mini- 
mum level mark, add sufficient oil 
of the recommended type to raise 
it to the correct level. 

To change the engine oil (with or 
without oil filter cartridge replace- 
ment) 

1. Start the engine, warm it up for 
several minutes, and then turn it 
off. 



2. Place an oil pan under the engine 
to collect the used oil. 

3. Remove the engine oil filler cap 
and drain bolt to drain the oil from 
the crankcase. 




1. Engine oil filler cap 




1. Engine oil drain bolt 



NOTE: 

Skip steps 4-6 if the oil filter cartridge is 
not being replaced. 

4. Remove the oil filter cartridge with 
an oil filter wrench. 




1. Oil filter wrench 



NOTE: 



An oil filter wrench is available at a 
Yamaha dealer. 

5. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to 
the O-ring of the new oil filter car- 
tridge. 



7-13 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 





1. O-ring 



NOTE: 



1 . Torque wrench 

2. Oil filter wrench 



Make sure that the O-ring is properly 
seated. 

6. Install the new oil filter cartridge 
with an oil filter wrench, and then 
tighten it to the specified torque 
with a torque wrench. 



Tightening torque: 

Oil filter cartridge: 

17Nm(1.7m.kgf, 12fMbf) 



7. Install the engine oil drain bolt, and 
then tighten it to the specified 
torque. 



Tightening torque: 

Engine oil drain bolt: 
43 Nm (4.3 m-kgf, 31 ft-lbf) 



8. Add the specified amount of the 
recommended engine oil, and then 
install and tighten the oil filler cap. 



Recommended engine oil: 


See page 9-1. 


Oil quantity: 


Without oil filter cartridge replace- 


ment: 


3.50 L (3.70 US qt) (3.08 Imp.qt) 


With oil filter cartridge replacement: 


3.70 L (3.91 US qt) (3.26 Imp.qt) 



CAUTION: 

• In order to prevent clutch slip- 
page (since the engine oil also 
lubricates the clutch), do not 
mix any chemical additives. Do 
not use oils with a diesel speci- 
fication of "CD" or oils of a high- 
er quality than specified. In 
addition, do not use oils labeled 
"ENERGY CONSERVING II" or 
higher. 

• Make sure that no foreign mate- 
rial enters the crankcase. 

9. Start the engine, and then let it idle 
for several minutes while checking 
it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking, im- 
mediately turn the engine off and 
check for the cause. 



7-14 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



NOTE: 

After the engine is started, the engine 
oil level warning light should go off if the 
oil level is sufficient. 



CAUTION: 



If the oil level warning light flickers 
or remains on, immediately turn the 
engine off and have a Yamaha dealer 
check the vehicle. 

10. Turn the engine off, and then 
check the oil level and correct it if 
necessary. 



Final gear oil 

The final gear case must be checked 
for oil leakage before each ride. If any 
leakage is found, have a Yamaha deal- 
er check and repair the vehicle. In addi- 
tion, the final gear oil level must be 
checked and the oil changed as follows 
at the intervals specified in the periodic 
maintenance and lubrication chart. 



A WARNING 



• Make sure that no foreign mate- 
rial enters the final gear case. 

• Make sure that no oil gets on the 
tire or wheel. 

To check the final gear oil level 

1. Place the vehicle on a level sur- 
face and hold it in an upright posi- 
tion. 

NOTE: 



The final gear oil level must be 
checked on a cold engine. 
Make sure that the vehicle is posi- 
tioned straight up when checking 
the oil level. A slight tilt to the side 
can result in a false reading. 



2. Remove the oil filler bolt, and then 
check the oil level in the final gear 
case. 

NOTE: 

The oil level should be at the brim of the 
filler hole. 




1. Final gear oil filler bolt 

2. Final gear oil drain bolt 

3. Correct oil level 

3. If the oil is below the brim of the fill- 
er hole, add sufficient oil of the rec- 
ommended type to raise it to the 
correct level. 

To change the final gear oil 

1. Place an oil pan under the final 
gear case to collect the used oil. 



7-15 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



2. Remove the oil filler bolt and drain 
bolt to drain the oil from the final 
gear case. 

3. Install the final gear oil drain bolt, 
and then tighten it to the specified 
torque. 



Tightening torque: 

Final gear oil drain bolt: 
23 Nm (2.3 m-kgf, 17 ftlbf) 



4. Add the recommended final gear 
oil to the brim of the filler hole. 



Recommended final gear oil: 

SAE80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil 
Oil quantity: 

0.20 L (0.21 US qt) (0.18 Imp.qt) 



NOTE: 

GL4 is a quality rating. Hypoid gear oils 
rated GL5 or GL6 may also be used. 

5. Install the oil filler bolt, and then 
tighten it to the specified torque. 



Tightening torque: 

Final gear oil filler bolt: 
23 Nm (2.3 m-kgf, 17 ftlbf) 



6. Check the final gear case for oil 
leakage. If oil is leaking, check for 
the cause. 



Coolant 

The coolant level should be checked 
before each ride. In addition, the cool- 
ant must be changed at the intervals 
specified in the periodic maintenance 
and lubrication chart. 

EAU2021 1 

To check the coolant level 

1. Place the vehicle on a level sur- 
face and hold it in an upright posi- 
tion. 

2. Remove panel A. (See page 7-8.) 

NOTE: 

• The coolant level must be checked 
on a cold engine since the level 
varies with engine temperature. 

• Make sure that the vehicle is posi- 
tioned straight up when checking 
the coolant level. A slight tilt to the 
side can result in a false reading. 

3. Check the coolant level in the cool- 
ant reservoir. 

NOTE: 

The coolant should be between the 
minimum and maximum level marks. 



7-16 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 




1. Coolant reservoir 

2. Maximum level mark 

3. Minimum level mark 

4. If the coolant is at or below the 
minimum level mark, remove the 
rider seat (See page 3-13.), open 
the reservoir cap, add coolant to 
the maximum level mark, and then 
close the reservoir cap and install 
the rider seat. 




1 . Coolant reservoir cap 



Coolant reservoir capacity (up to the 
maximum level mark): 

0.84 L (0.89 US qt) (0.74 Imp.qt) 



CAUTION: 



If coolant is not available, use 
distilled water or soft tap water 
instead. Do not use hard water 
or salt water since it is harmful 
to the engine. 

If water has been used instead 
of coolant, replace it with cool- 
ant as soon as possible, other- 
wise the engine may not be 
sufficiently cooled and the cool- 
ing system will not be protected 
against frost and corrosion. 



If water has been added to the 
coolant, have a Yamaha dealer 
check the antifreeze content of 
the coolant as soon as possible, 
otherwise the effectiveness of 
the coolant will be reduced. 



A WARNING 



Never attempt to remove the radiator 
cap when the engine is hot. 

5. Install the panel. 

NOTE: 

• The radiator fan is automatically 
switched on or off according to the 
coolant temperature in the radia- 
tor. 

• If the engine overheats, see page 
7-37 for further instructions. 



7-17 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Cleaning the air filter elements 

The air filter elements should be 
cleaned at the intervals specified in the 
periodic maintenance and lubrication 
chart. Clean the air filter elements more 
frequently if you are riding in unusually 
wet or dusty areas. 

1. Remove cowlings A and B. (See 
page 7-8.) 

NOTE: 

Continue as follows for each air filter el- 
ement. 

2. Remove the air filter case by re- 
moving the bolts. 




1. Air filter case 

2. Bolt 



3. Loosen the air filter joint clamp 
screw, and then pull the air filter 
off. 





1 . Air filter joint clamp screw 

4. Remove the air filter case cover by 
removing the screws. 



1. Air filter element 

2. Screw 

6. Lightly tap the air filter element to 
remove most of the dust and dirt, 
and then blow the remaining dirt 
out with compressed air as shown. 
If the air filter element is damaged, 
replace it. 




1. Screw 




5. Remove the air filter element by 
removing the screws. 



1. Air filter element 



7-18 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



7. Install the air filter element by fit- 
ting the projection on the air filter 
element into the holder in the air fil- 
ter case, then tightening the 
screws. 

ECA10480 

CAUTION: 



• Make sure that the air filter ele- 
ment is properly seated in the 
air filter case. 

• The engine should never be op- 
erated without the air filter ele- 
ment installed, otherwise the 
piston(s) and/or cylinder(s) may 
become excessively worn. 

8. Install the air filter case cover by in- 
stalling the screws. 

9. Install the air filter by pushing it 
onto the air filter joint, then tighten- 
ing the air filter joint clamp screw. 

10. Install the air filter case by install- 
ing the bolts. 

1 1 . Install the cowlings. 

NOTE: 

Make sure that the carburetor air vent 
hose is routed as shown. 




Adjusting the carburetors 

The carburetors are important parts of 
the engine and emission control sys- 
tem, which require very sophisticated 
adjustment. Therefore, all carburetor 
adjustments should be left to a Yamaha 
dealer, who has the necessary profes- 
sional knowledge and experience. 



1 . Carburetor air vent hose 



7-19 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Adjusting the throttle cable 
free play 




1 . Throttle cable free play 

The throttle cable free play should mea- 
sure 4.0-6.0 mm (0.16-0.24 in) at the 
throttle grip. Periodically check the 
throttle cable free play and, if neces- 
sary, have a Yamaha dealer adjust it. 



Adjusting the valve clearance 

The valve clearance changes with use, 
resulting in improper air-fuel mixture 
and/or engine noise. To prevent this 
from occurring, the valve clearance 
must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer 
at the intervals specified in the periodic 
maintenance and lubrication chart. 



Tires 

To maximize the performance, durabil- 
ity, and safe operation of your motor- 
cycle, note the following points 
regarding the specified tires. 

Tire air pressure 

The tire air pressure should be checked 
and, if necessary, adjusted before each 
ride. 



A WARNING 



The tire air pressure must be 
checked and adjusted on cold 
tires (i.e., when the temperature 
of the tires equals the ambient 
temperature). 

The tire air pressure must be ad- 
justed in accordance with the 
riding speed and with the total 
weight of rider, passenger, car- 
go, and accessories approved 
for this model. 



7-20 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Tire air pressure (measured 


on cold 


tires): 




0-90 kg (0-198 lb): 




Front: 




250 kPa (36 psi) (2.50 


kgf/cm 2 ) 


Rear: 




250 kPa (36 psi) (2.50 


kgf/cm 2 ) 


90-190 kg (198-419 lb): 




Front: 




250 kPa (36 psi) (2.50 


kgf/cm 2 ) 


Rear: 




280 kPa (41 psi) (2.80 kgf/cm 2 ) 


Maximum load*: 




190 kg (419 lb) 




* Total weight of rider, passenger, car- 


go and accessories 





A WARNING 



Proper loading of your vehicle is im- 
portant for several characteristics of 
your vehicle, such as handling, 
braking, performance and safety. Do 
not carry loosely packed items that 
can shift. Securely pack your heavi- 
est items close to the center of the 
vehicle, and distribute the weight 
evenly from side to side. Properly 
adjust the suspension for your load, 
and check the condition and pres- 
sure of your tires. NEVER OVER- 



LOAD YOUR VEHICLE. Make sure 
that the total weight of the cargo, rid- 
er, passenger, and accessories 
(cowling, saddlebags, etc. if ap- 
proved for this model) does not ex- 
ceed the maximum load of the 
vehicle. Operation of an overloaded 
vehicle could cause tire damage, an 
accident, or even injury. 

Tire inspection 





1. Tire sidewall 

2. Tire wear indicator 

3. Tire tread depth 



Always check the tires before operating 
the motorcycle. If a tire tread shows 
crosswise lines (minimum tread depth), 
if the tire has a nail or glass fragments 



in it, or if the sidewall is cracked, con- 
tact a Yamaha dealer immediately and 
have the tire replaced. 



Minimum tire tread depth (front and 
rear): 

1.0 mm (0.04 in) 



A WARNING 



It is dangerous to ride with a worn- 
out tire. When a tire tread begins to 
show lines, have a Yamaha dealer 
replace the tire immediately. Brakes, 
tires and related wheel parts re- 
placement should also be left to a 
Yamaha dealer. 

Tire information 

This motorcycle is equipped with cast 
wheels and tubeless tires. 



A WARNING 



The front and rear tires should 
be of the same make and de- 
sign, otherwise the handling 
characteristics of the vehicle 
cannot be guaranteed. 



7-21 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



• After extensive tests, only the 
tires listed below have been ap- 
proved for this model by 
Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. 



Front tire: 

Size: 

1 50/80-1 6M/C 71 H 
Manufacturer/model: 

DUNLOP/D404F 

BRIDGESTONE/G705G 
Rear tire: 
Size: 

150/90B15M/C74H 
Manufacturer/model: 

DUNLOP/D404 

BRIDGESTONE/G702G 



Cast wheels 

To maximize the performance, durabil- 
ity, and safe operation of your motor- 
cycle, note the following points 
regarding the specified wheels. 

• The wheel rims should be checked 
for cracks, bends, warpage or 
damage before each ride. If any 
damage is found, have a Yamaha 
dealer replace the wheel. Do not 
attempt even the smallest repair to 
the wheel. A deformed or cracked 
wheel must be replaced. 

• The wheel should be balanced 
whenever either the tire or wheel 
has been changed or replaced. An 
unbalanced wheel can result in 
poor performance, adverse han- 
dling characteristics, and a short- 
ened tire life. 

• Ride at moderate speeds after 
changing a tire since the tire sur- 
face must first be "broken in" for it 
to develop its optimal characteris- 
tics. 

• After repairing or replacing the rear 
tire, tighten the valve stem nut and 
locknut to the specified torques. 



Tightening torques: 






Valve stem nut: 






1.6 Nm (0.16 m. 


kgf, 1 


_ie ftibf) 


Valve stem locknut 






1.6 Nm (0.16 m- 


kgf, 1 


.16 ftlbf) 



7-22 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Accessories and replacement 
parts 



A WARNING 



This vehicle is not designed to pull a 
trailer or to be attached to a sidecar. 
The accessories or replacement 
parts you choose for your vehicle 
should be designed specifically for 
this model, and they must be se- 
curely mounted to maintain the in- 
herent stability of the original 
design. Genuine Yamaha Parts and 
Accessories are designed and test- 
ed to be compatible with your vehi- 
cle. Please consider Genuine 
Yamaha Parts and Accessories be- 
fore making a purchase. Use of non- 
Yamaha-approved accessories or 
replacement parts may cause loss of 
handling stability and riding safety. 
Since Yamaha cannot control the 
quality of accessories or parts man- 
ufactured by other companies, 
Yamaha cannot be held liable for 



any consequences caused by the 
use of items which have not been 
approved by Yamaha. 



Clutch lever free play 




1 . Clutch lever free play 

Since this model is equipped with a hy- 
draulic clutch, adjusting the clutch lever 
free play is not needed. However, it is 
necessary to check the clutch fluid level 
and check the hydraulic system for 
leakage before each ride. If the clutch 
lever free play does become excessive, 
and shifting becomes rough or clutch 
slippage occurs, causing poor acceler- 
ation, there may be air in the clutch sys- 
tem. If there is air in the hydraulic 
system, have a Yamaha dealer bleed 
the system before operating the motor- 
cycle. 



7-23 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Adjusting the brake lever free 
play 



A WARNING 




1. Locknut 

2. Brake lever free play adjusting screw 

3. Brake lever free play 

The brake lever free play should mea- 
sure 2.0-5.0 mm (0.08-0.20 in) as 
shown. Periodically check the brake le- 
ver free play and, if necessary, adjust it 
as follows. 
1. Loosen the locknut at the brake le- 



ver. 



2. 



To increase the brake lever free 
play, turn the adjusting screw in di- 
rection (a). To decrease the brake 
lever free play, turn the adjusting 
screw in direction (b). 
3. Tighten the locknut. 



After adjusting the brake lever 
free play, check the free play 
and make sure that the brake is 
working properly. 
A soft or spongy feeling in the 
brake lever can indicate the 
presence of air in the hydraulic 
system. If there is air in the hy- 
draulic system, have a Yamaha 
dealer bleed the system before 
operating the motorcycle. Air in 
the hydraulic system will dimin- 
ish the braking performance, 
which may result in loss of con- 
trol and an accident. 



Adjusting the rear brake light 
switch 

The rear brake light switch, which is ac- 
tivated by the brake pedal, is properly 
adjusted when the brake light comes 
on just before braking takes effect. 
Since the brake light switch is a compo- 
nent of the cruise control system, it 
must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer, 
who has the necessary professional 
knowledge and experience. 



7-24 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Checking the front and rear 
brake pads 

The front and rear brake pads must be 
checked for wear at the intervals spec- 
ified in the periodic maintenance and 
lubrication chart. 

EAU22430 

Front brake pads 




1 . Brake pad wear indicator groove 

Each front brake pad is provided with 
wear indicator grooves, which allow 
you to check the brake pad wear with- 
out having to disassemble the brake. 
To check the brake pad wear, check 
the wear indicator grooves. If a brake 
pad has worn to the point that the wear 



indicator grooves have almost disap- 
peared, have a Yamaha dealer replace 
the brake pads as a set. 

EAU22470 

Rear brake pads 




1 . Brake pad wear indicator groove 

Each rear brake pad is provided with a 
wear indicator groove, which allows 
you to check the brake pad wear with- 
out having to disassemble the brake. 
To check the brake pad wear, check 
the wear indicator groove. If a brake 
pad has worn to the point that the wear 
indicator groove has almost disap- 
peared, have a Yamaha dealer replace 
the brake pads as a set. 



Checking the brake and clutch 
fluid levels 

Front brake 




1. Minimum level mark 



Rear brake 




1. Minimum level mark 



7-25 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Clutch 




1. Minimum level mark 

Insufficient brake or clutch fluid may al- 
low air to enter the brake or clutch sys- 
tems, possibly causing them to become 
ineffective. 

Before riding, check that the brake and 
clutch fluids are above the minimum 
level marks and replenish if necessary. 
A low brake or clutch fluid level may in- 
dicate brake or clutch system leakage 
and/or worn brake pads. If the brake or 
clutch levels are low, be sure to check 
the brake or clutch systems for leakage 
and the brake pads for wear. 
Observe these precautions: 
• When checking the brake and 
clutch fluid levels, make sure that 
the top of each reservoir is level. 



Use only the recommended quality 
brake fluid, otherwise the rubber 
seals may deteriorate, causing 
leakage and poor braking or clutch 
performance. 



Recommended brake and clutch flu- 
id: 

DOT 4 brake fluid 



Refill with the same type of brake 
fluid. Mixing fluids may result in a 
harmful chemical reaction and 
lead to poor braking or clutch per- 
formance. 

Be careful that water does not en- 
ter the brake or clutch fluid reser- 
voir when refilling. Water will 
significantly lower the boiling point 
of the fluid and may result in vapor 
lock. 

Brake fluid may deteriorate paint- 
ed surfaces or plastic parts. Al- 
ways clean up spilled fluid 
immediately. 

As the brake pads wear, it is nor- 
mal for the brake fluid level to grad- 
ually go down. However, if the 



brake fluid level goes down sud- 
denly, have a Yamaha dealer 
check the cause. 



7-26 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Changing the brake and 
clutch fluids 

Have a Yamaha dealer change the 
brake and clutch fluids at the intervals 
specified in the NOTE after the periodic 
maintenance and lubrication chart. In 
addition, have the oil seals of the brake 
and clutch master cylinders and cali- 
pers as well as the brake and clutch 
hoses replaced at the intervals listed 
below or whenever they are damaged 
or leaking. 

• Oil seals: Replace every two 
years. 

• Brake and clutch hoses: Replace 
every four years. 



Checking and lubricating the 
cables 

The operation of all control cables and 
the condition of the cables should be 
checked before each ride, and the ca- 
bles and cable ends should be lubricat- 
ed if necessary. If a cable is damaged 
or does not move smoothly, have a 
Yamaha dealer check or replace it. 



Recommended lubricant: 

Yamaha Chain and Cable Lube or 
engine oil SAE 10W-30 (API SE) 



A WARNING 



Damage to the outer housing of ca- 
bles may result in internal rusting 
and cause interference with cable 
movement. Replace damaged ca- 
bles as soon as possible to prevent 
unsafe conditions. 



Checking and lubricating the 
throttle grip and cable 

The operation of the throttle grip should 
be checked before each ride. In addi- 
tion, the cable should be lubricated or 
replaced at the intervals specified in the 
periodic maintenance chart. 



7-27 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Checking and lubricating the 
brake and shift pedals 




Recommended lubricant: 

Lithium-soap-based grease (all-pur- 
pose grease) 



Checking and lubricating the 
brake and clutch levers 





The operation of the brake and shift 
pedals should be checked before each 
ride, and the pedal pivots should be lu- 
bricated if necessary. 



The operation of the brake and clutch 
levers should be checked before each 
ride, and the lever pivots should be lu- 
bricated if necessary. 



Recommended lubricant: 

Lithium-soap-based grease (all-pur- 
pose grease) 



7-28 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Checking and lubricating the 
sidestand 




The operation of the sidestand should 
be checked before each ride, and the 
sidestand pivot and metal-to-metal 
contact surfaces should be lubricated if 
necessary. 



A WARNING 



If the sidestand does not move up 
and down smoothly, have a Yamaha 
dealer check or repair it. 



Recommended lubricant: 

Lithium-soap-based grease (all-pur- 
pose grease) 



Checking the front fork 

The condition and operation of the front 
fork must be checked as follows at the 
intervals specified in the periodic main- 
tenance and lubrication chart. 

To check the condition 



A WARNING 



Securely support the vehicle so that 
there is no danger of it falling over. 

Check the inner tubes for scratches, 
damage and excessive oil leakage. 

To check the operation 

1. Place the vehicle on a level sur- 
face and hold it in an upright posi- 
tion. 

2. While applying the front brake, 
push down hard on the handlebars 
several times to check if the front 
fork compresses and rebounds 
smoothly. 




CAUTION: 

If any damage is found or the front 
fork does not operate smoothly, 
have a Yamaha dealer check or re- 
pair it. 



7-29 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Checking the steering 

Worn or loose steering bearings may 
cause danger. Therefore, the operation 
of the steering must be checked as fol- 
lows at the intervals specified in the pe- 
riodic maintenance and lubrication 
chart. 
1 . Place a stand under the engine to 

raise the front wheel off the 

ground. 



A WARNING 




Securely support the vehicle so that 
there is no danger of it falling over. 

2. Hold the lower ends of the front 
fork legs and try to move them for- 
ward and backward. If any free 
play can be felt, have a Yamaha 
dealer check or repair the steering. 



Checking the wheel bearings 

The front and rear wheel bearings must 
be checked at the intervals specified in 
the periodic maintenance and lubrica- 
tion chart. If there is play in the wheel 
hub or if the wheel does not turn 
smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer check 
the wheel bearings. 



7-30 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Battery 




1. Battery 

2. Negative battery terminal 

3. Positive battery terminal 

This model is equipped with a sealed- 
type (MF) battery, which does not re- 
quire any maintenance. There is no 
need to check the electrolyte or to add 
distilled water. 

ECA10620 

CAUTION: 



Never attempt to remove the battery 
cell seals, as this would permanent- 
ly damage the battery. 



A WARNING 



• Electrolyte is poisonous and 
dangerous since it contains sul- 
furic acid, which causes severe 
burns. Avoid any contact with 
skin, eyes or clothing and al- 
ways shield your eyes when 
working near batteries. In case 
of contact, administer the fol- 
lowing FIRST AID. 

• EXTERNAL: Flush with plenty 
of water. 

• INTERNAL: Drink large quan- 
tities of water or milk and im- 
mediately call a physician. 

• EYES: Flush with water for 15 
minutes and seek prompt 
medical attention. 

• Batteries produce explosive hy- 
drogen gas. Therefore, keep 
sparks, flames, cigarettes, etc., 
away from the battery and pro- 
vide sufficient ventilation when 
charging it in an enclosed 
space. 



• KEEP THIS AND ALL BATTER- 
IES OUT OF THE REACH OF 
CHILDREN. 

To charge the battery 

Have a Yamaha dealer charge the bat- 
tery as soon as possible if it seems to 
have discharged. Keep in mind that the 
battery tends to discharge more quickly 
if the vehicle is equipped with optional 
electrical accessories. 

To store the battery 

1. If the vehicle will not be used for 
more than one month, remove the 
battery, fully charge it, and then 
place it in a cool, dry place. 

2. If the battery will be stored for more 
than two months, check it at least 
once a month and fully charge it if 
necessary. 

3. Fully charge the battery before in- 
stallation. 

4. After installation, make sure that 
the battery leads are properly con- 
nected to the battery terminals. 



7-31 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



CAUTION: 



Always keep the battery 
charged. Storing a discharged 
battery can cause permanent 
battery damage. 
To charge a sealed-type (MF) 
battery, a special (constant-volt- 
age) battery charger is required. 
Using a conventional battery 
charger will damage the battery. 
If you do not have access to a 
sealed-type (MF) battery charg- 
er, have a Yamaha dealer 
charge your battery. 



Replacing the fuses 

The main fuse is located behind panel 
C. (See page 7-8.) 




Main fuse 
Spare main fuse 



Fuse box 1 is located behind cowling A. 
(See page 7-8.) 




1 . Cruise control fuse 

2. Carburetor heater fuse 

3. Auxiliary DC terminal fuse 

4. Auxiliary DC jack fuse 

5. Audio system fuse 

6. Spare fuse 

Fuse box 2 is located behind panel B. 
(See page 7-8.) 



7-32 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 




1 . Backup fuse (for odometer and clock) 

2. Radiator fan fuse 

3. Headlight fuse 

4. Signaling system fuse 

5. Ignition fuse 

6. Spare fuse 

If a fuse is blown, replace it as follows. 

1 . Turn the key to "OFF" and turn off 
the electrical circuit in question. 

2. Remove the blown fuse, and then 
install a new fuse of the specified 
amperage. 



Specified fuses: 
Fuse box 1 : 

Cruse control fuse: 

10.0 A 
Carburetor heater fuse: 

10.0 A 
Auxiliary DC terminal fuse: 

5.0 A 
Auxiliary DC jack fuse: 

5.0 A 
Audio system fuse: 

10.0 A 
Fuse box 2: 
Ignition fuse: 

10.0 A 
Signaling system fuse: 

15.0 A 
Headlight fuse: 

15.0 A 
Radiator fan fuse: 

10.0 A 
Backup fuse: 

10.0 A 
Main fuse: 

30.0 A 



CAUTION: 

Do not use a fuse of a higher amper- 
age rating than recommended to 
avoid causing extensive damage to 
the electrical system and possibly a 
fire. 

3. Turn the key to "ON" and turn on 
the electrical circuit in question to 
check if the device operates. 

4. If the fuse immediately blows 
again, have a Yamaha dealer 
check the electrical system. 



7-33 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Replacing the headlight bulb 

This model is equipped with a quartz 
bulb headlight. If the headlight bulb 
burns out, replace it as follows. 
1. Disconnect the headlight coupler, 

and then remove the headlight 

bulb cover. 




1. Headlight bulb cover 

2. Headlight coupler 



2. Remove the headlight bulb holder 
by turning it counterclockwise, and 
then remove the defective bulb. 




1. Headlight bulb holder 



A WARNING 



Headlight bulbs get very hot. There- 
fore, keep flammable products away 
from a lit headlight bulb, and do not 
touch the bulb until it has cooled 
down. 

3. Place a new bulb into position, and 
then secure it with the bulb holder. 



CAUTION: 

Do not touch the glass part of the 
headlight bulb to keep it free from 
oil, otherwise the transparency of 
the glass, the luminosity of the bulb, 
and the bulb life will be adversely af- 
fected. Thoroughly clean off any dirt 



and fingerprints on the headlight 
bulb using a cloth moistened with al- 
cohol or thinner. 




1 . Do not touch the glass part of the bulb. 

4. Install the bulb cover, and then 
connect the coupler. 

5. Have a Yamaha dealer adjust the 
headlight beam if necessary. 



7-34 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Replacing a turn signal light 
bulb or the tail/brake light bulb 

1 . Remove the lens by removing the 
screws. 




2. Remove the defective bulb by 
pushing it in and turning it counter- 
clockwise. 

3. Insert a new bulb into the socket, 
push it in, and then turn it clock- 
wise until it stops. 

4. Install the lens by installing the 
screws. 

ECA10680 

CAUTION: 

Do not overtighten the screws, oth- 
erwise the lens may break. 



1. Screw 




1. Screw 



Supporting the motorcycle 

Since this model is not equipped with a 
centerstand, follow these precautions 
when removing the front and rear 
wheel or performing other maintenance 
requiring the motorcycle to stand up- 
right. Check that the motorcycle is in a 
stable and level position before starting 
any maintenance. A strong wooden 
box can be placed under the engine for 
added stability. 

To service the front wheel 

1 . Stabilize the rear of the motorcycle 
by using a motorcycle stand or, if 
an additional motorcycle stand is 
not available, by placing a jack un- 
der the frame in front of the rear 
wheel. 

2. Raise the front wheel off the 
ground by using a motorcycle 
stand. 

To service the rear wheel 

Raise the rear wheel off the ground by 
using a motorcycle stand or, if a motor- 
cycle stand is not available, by placing 



7-35 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



a jack either under each side of the 
frame in front of the rear wheel or under 
each side of the swingarm. 



Troubleshooting 

Although Yamaha motorcycles receive 
a thorough inspection before shipment 
from the factory, trouble may occur dur- 
ing operation. Any problem in the fuel, 
compression, or ignition systems, for 
example, can cause poor starting and 
loss of power. 

The following troubleshooting charts 
represent quick and easy procedures 
for checking these vital systems your- 
self. However, should your motorcycle 
require any repair, take it to a Yamaha 
dealer, whose skilled technicians have 
the necessary tools, experience, and 
know-how to service the motorcycle 
properly. 

Use only genuine Yamaha replace- 
ment parts. Imitation parts may look like 
Yamaha parts, but they are often inferi- 
or, have a shorter service life and can 
lead to expensive repair bills. 



7-36 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Troubleshooting charts 

Starting problems or poor engine performance 



A WARNING 



Keep away open flames and do not smoke while checking or working on the fuel system. 
LFuel 



Check the fuel level in 
the fuel tank. 



There is enough fuel. 



Check the compression. 



There is no fuel. 



Supply fuel. 



The engine does not start. 
Check the compression. 



2. Compression 



Operate the electric starter. 



There is compression. 




Check the ignition. 





There is no compression. 




Have a Yamaha dealer 
check the vehicle. 





3. Ignition 



Remove the spark plugs 
and check the electrodes. 





Wet 




Wipe off with a dry cloth and correct the 
spark plug gaps, or replace the spark plugs. 


— ► 


Open the throttle halfway and operate 
the electric starter. 
















I 




Dry 




Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle. 




The engine does not start. 
Check the battery. 







4. Battery 




The engine turns over 
quickly. 




The battery is good. 


Operate the electric starter. 


— ► 
















The engine turns over 
slowly. 


— ► 


Check the battery lead connections, 
and charge the battery if necessary. 







The engine does not start. 
Have a Yamaha dealer 
check the vehicle. 



7-37 



PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR 



Engine overheating 



A WARNING 



Do not remove the radiator cap when the engine and radiator are hot. Scalding hot fluid and steam may be 
blown out under pressure, which could cause serious injury. Be sure to wait until the engine has cooled. 
After removing the radiator cap retaining bolt, place a thick rag, like a towel, over the radiator cap, and then 
slowly rotate the cap counterclockwise to the detent to allow any residual pressure to escape. When the hissing 
sound has stopped, press down on the cap while turning it counterclockwise, and then remove the cap. 



Wait until the 
engine has cooled. 




Check the coolant level in the 
reservoir and radiator. 





The coolant level is low. 
Check the cooling system 
for leakage. 



There is 
leakage. 


— ► 


Have a Yamaha dealer check 
and repair the cooling system. 



There is 
no leakage. 



Add coolant. (See NOTE.) 



The coolant level 
is OK. 



Start the engine. If the engine overheats again, have a 
Yamaha dealer check and repair the cooling system. 



NOTE: 

If coolant is not available, tap water can be temporarily used instead, provided that it is changed to the recommended coolant 
as soon as possible. 



7-38 



MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE 



Cleaning 

Frequent, thorough cleaning of your 
motorcycle not only enhances its ap- 
pearance, but also improves its perfor- 
mance and extends its life. 

ECA10730 

CAUTION: 



• Improper cleaning can damage 
the windshield, cowlings, pan- 
els and other plastic parts. Use 
only a soft, clean cloth or 
sponge with mild detergent and 
water to clean plastic. If the 
windshield is scratched, use a 
quality plastic polishing com- 
pound after washing. 

• Do not use any harsh chemical 
products on plastic parts. Make 
sure to avoid using cloths or 
sponges which have been in 
contact with strong or abrasive 
cleaning products, solvent or 
thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust re- 
movers or inhibitors, brake flu- 
id, antifreeze or electrolyte. 



Before cleaning the motorcycle 

1 . Cover the muffler outlets, to pre- 
vent water entry, with plastic bags 
and strong rubber bands. 

2. Make sure that the spark plugs 
and all caps and covers are prop- 
erly installed. 

3. Apply Yamaha Mud and Grease 
Release or another high-quality 
degreaser to the crankcase, to re- 
move any excessive grease, with a 
paintbrush. Do not apply degreas- 
er to the wheel axles. 

Cleaning the motorcycle 

1 . Rinse any dirt and degreaser off 
with a garden hose, using only 
enough pressure to do the job. 

ECA10940 

CAUTION: 

• Do not use high-pressure wash- 
ers, since excessive high pres- 
sure may cause water seepage 
and deterioration of wheel bear- 
ings, the front fork, brakes, 
transmission seals, audio sys- 
tem, speakers, saddlebags, 
travel trunk and electrical parts. 



• Many expensive repair bills 
have resulted from improper 
high-pressure washer applica- 
tions, such as those available at 
coin-operated car washers. 

2. Once the majority of the dirt has 
been hosed off, wash all surfaces 
with warm water and a mild deter- 
gent. Use a toothbrush or bottle- 
brush to get into those hard-to- 
reach places. 

3. Rinse the motorcycle off immedi- 
ately with clean water and dry all 
surfaces with a chamois, clean 
towel, or soft absorbent cloth. 

4. Clean the seat with Yamaha Pro- 
tectant or another high-quality vi- 
nyl upholstery cleaner to keep the 
cover pliable and glossy. 

Cleaning the windshield 

Avoid using any alkaline or strong acid 
cleaner, gasoline, brake fluid, or any 
other solvent. Clean the windshield with 
a cloth or sponge dampened with a mild 
detergent, and then wash it off thor- 
oughly with water. For additional clean- 
ing, use Yamaha Windshield Cleaner 



8-1 



MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE 



or another high-quality windshield 
cleaner. Some cleaning compounds for 
plastics may leave scratches on the 
windshield. Before using such clean- 
ers, test an area of the windshield 
which does not affect your visibility and 
which cannot be easily recognized. 

After cleaning the motorcycle 

Apply Yamaha Silicone Wax or another 
high-quality automotive-type wax on all 
painted and chrome-plated surfaces. 
Avoid combination cleaner-waxes, 
since many contain abrasives that may 
mar the paint or protective finish. When 
finished, start the engine and let it idle 
for several minutes. 



Storage 

Long term storage (60 days or more) of 
your motorcycle will require some pre- 
ventive measures to guard against de- 
terioration. After the motorcycle has 
been thoroughly cleaned, prepare it for 
storage as follows: 

1 . Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel and 
add the following amount of 
Yamaha Fuel Conditioner and Sta- 
bilizer or another high-quality fuel 
stabilizer: 

1 fluid oz per gallon or 7.5 ml per li- 
ter 

Operate the engine for several 
minutes to insure the newly condi- 
tioned fuel enters the entire fuel 
system and carburetors. 

NOTE: 

Use of Yamaha Fuel Conditioner and 
Stabilizer eliminates the need to drain 
the fuel system. If necessary, have a 
Yamaha dealer drain the fuel system. 

2. Remove the spark plugs and pour 
about one tablespoon of SAE 
10W-30 or SAE 20W-40 engine oil 
in each spark plug bore. Install the 



spark plugs and ground the spark 
plug leads to prevent sparking 
while turning the engine over sev- 
eral times to coat the cylinder walls 
with oil. 



A WARNING 



To prevent sparking, make sure to 
remove the spark plug leads and 
ground them before using the start- 
er motor to crank the engine. 

3. Lubricate all control cables. 

NOTE: 

Use a Yamaha Power Cable Luber and 
Yamaha Lube Zall or another high- 
quality equivalent to pressure-lubricate 
the cables and to purge out any mois- 
ture between the inner and outer ca- 
bles. 

4. Block the frame up so that both of 
its wheels are off the ground. 

5. Cover the exhaust pipes with plas- 
tic bags to prevent moisture from 
entering them. 



8-2 



MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE 



6. If storing in a humid or salt-air at- 
mosphere, coat all exposed metal 
surfaces with a light film of oil. Do 
not apply oil to any rubber parts or 
the seat cover. 

7. Remove the battery and fully 
charge it. Store it in a cool, dry 
place and charge it once a month. 
Do not store the battery in an ex- 
cessively cold or warm place [less 
than °C (30 °F) or more than 30 
°C (90 °F)]. For more information 
on storing the battery, see page 
7-31. 

NOTE: 

If necessary, make repairs before stor- 
ing the motorcycle. 



8-3 



SPECIFICATIONS 



Dimensions: 

Overall length: 

2655 mm (104.5 in) 
Overall width: 

900 mm (35.4 in) 
Overall height: 

1565 mm (61 .6 in) 
Seat height: 

750 mm (29.5 in) 
Wheelbase: 

1705 mm (67.1 in) 
Ground clearance: 

155 mm (6.10 in) 
Minimum turning radius: 

3500 mm (137.8 in) 
Weight: 

With oil and fuel: 

394.0 kg (869 lb) 
Engine: 
Engine type: 

Liquid cooled 4-stroke, DOHC 
Cylinder arrangement: 

V-type 4-cylinder 
Displacement: 

1294.0 cm 3 (78.96 cu.in) 
Bore x stroke: 

79.0 x 66.0 mm (3.1 1 x 2.60 in) 
Compression ratio: 

10.00:1 
Starting system: 

Electric starter 
Lubrication system: 

Wet sump 



Engine oil: 

Type: 

YAMALUBE 4, SAE10W30 or SAE20W40 



10° 30° 50° 70° 90° 110°130°F 
I I I I I I I 



"YAMALUBE 4 (10W30) 
orSAE10W30 



-20° -10° 



YAMALUBE 4 (20W40) 
or SAE 20W40 



10° 20° 30° 40° 50°C 



Recommended engine oil grade: 

API service SE, SF, SG type or higher 
Engine oil quantity: 

Without oil filter cartridge replacement: 

3.50 L (3.70 US qt) (3.08 Imp.qt) 
With oil filter cartridge replacement: 
3.70 L (3.91 US qt) (3.26 Imp.qt) 
Final gear oil: 
Type: 

SAE80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil 
Quantity: 

0.20 L (0.21 US qt) (0.18 Imp.qt) 
Cooling system: 

Coolant reservoir capacity (up to the 
maximum level mark): 

0.84 L (0.89 US qt) (0.74 Imp.qt) 

Radiator capacity (including all routes): 

3.50 L (3.70 US qt) (3.08 Imp.qt) 



Air filter: 

Air filter element: 

Dry element 
Fuel: 

Recommended fuel: 

Unleaded gasoline only 
Fuel tank capacity: 

22.5 L (5.94 US gal) (4.95 Imp.gal) 
Fuel reserve amount: 

3.5 L (0.92 US gal) (0.77 Imp.gal) 
Carburetor: 
Manufacturer: 

MIKUNI 
Type x quantity: 

BDSR32 x 4 
Spark plug(s): 
Manufacturer/model: 

NGK/DPR8EA-9 
Manufacturer/model: 

DENSO/X24EPR-U9 
Spark plug gap: 

0.8-0.9 mm (0.031-0.035 in) 
Clutch: 
Clutch type: 

Wet, multiple-disc 
Transmission: 

Primary reduction system: 

Spur gear 
Primary reduction ratio: 

87/49 (1 .776) 
Secondary reduction system: 

Shaft drive 
Secondary reduction ratio: 

21/27x33/10(2.567) 



9-1 



SPECIFICATIONS 



Transmission type: 

Constant mesh 5-speed 
Operation: 

Left foot operation 
Gear ratio: 
1st: 

43/17(2.529) 
2nd: 

31/19(1.632) 
3rd: 

30/25(1.200) 
4th: 

24/25 (0.960) 
5th: 

22/28 (0.786) 

Chassis: 

Frame type: 

Double cradle 
Caster angle: 

29.10° 
Trail: 

152.0 mm (5.98 in) 
Front tire: 
Type: 

Tubeless 
Size: 

1 50/80-1 6M/C 71 H 
Manufacturer/model: 

DUNLOP/D404F 
Manufacturer/model: 

BRIDGESTONE/G705G 
Rear tire: 
Type: 

Tubeless 



Size: 

150/90B15M/C74H 
Manufacturer/model: 

DUNLOP/D404 
Manufacturer/model: 

BRIDGESTONE/G702G 
Loading: 

Maximum load: 
190 kg (419 lb) 

(Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and 
accessories) 
Tire air pressure (measured on cold 
tires): 

Loading condition: 
0-90 kg (0-198 lb) 
Front: 

250 kPa (36 psi) (2.50 kgf/cm 2 ) 
Rear: 

250 kPa (36 psi) (2.50 kgf/cm 2 ) 
Loading condition: 

90-190 kg (198-419 lb) 
Front: 

250 kPa (36 psi) (2.50 kgf/cm 2 ) 
Rear: 

280 kPa (41 psi) (2.80 kgf/cm 2 ) 
Front wheel: 
Wheel type: 

Cast wheel 
Rim size: 

16M/CxMT3.50 

Rear wheel: 

Wheel type: 
Cast wheel 



Rim size: 

15M/CxMT4.00 

Front brake: 

Type: 

Dual disc brake 
Operation: 

Right hand operation 
Recommended fluid: 

DOT 4 
Rear brake: 
Type: 

Single disc brake 
Operation: 

Right foot operation 
Recommended fluid: 

DOT 4 
Front suspension: 
Type: 

Telescopic fork 
Spring/shock absorber type: 

Coil-air spring/oil damper 
Wheel travel: 

140.0 mm (5.51 in) 
Rear suspension: 
Type: 

Swingarm (link suspension) 
Spring/shock absorber type: 

Coil-air spring/oil damper 
Wheel travel: 

105.0 mm (4.13 in) 
Electrical system: 
Ignition system: 

Transistorized coil ignition (digital) 



9-2 



SPECIFICATIONS 



Charging system: 

A.C. magneto 
Battery: 
Model: 

YTX20L-BS 
Voltage, capacity: 

12 V, 18.0 Ah 
Headlight: 
Bulb type: 

Halogen bulb 
Bulb voltage, wattage x quantity: 
Headlight: 

12 V, 60W/55.0Wx1 
Tail/brake light: 

12 V, 8.0/27.0 Wx1 
Front turn signal/position light: 

12 V, 23W/8.0Wx2 
Rear turn signal light: 

12V,21.0Wx2 
Neutral indicator light: 

12V, 1.7Wx1 
High beam indicator light: 

12V, 1.7Wx1 
Oil level warning light: 

12V, 1.7Wx1 
Turn signal indicator light: 

12 V, 1.7 Wx2 
Fuel level warning light: 

14 V, 3.0 Wx1 
Coolant temperature warning light: 

12V, 1.7Wx1 
Engine trouble warning light: 

12V, 1.7Wx1 



Overdrive indicator light: 

12V, 1.7Wx1 
Cruise control "SET" indicator light: 

12V, 1.7Wx1 
Cruise control "RES" indicator light: 

12V, 1.7Wx1 
Cruise control "ON" indicator light: 

12V, 1.7Wx1 
Audio system amplifier: 
Speaker output: 

14Wx4 
Headset output: 

1 Wx2 
Auto-volume range: 

5 steps 
Speaker impedance: 

4Q 
Headset impedance: 

8-1 6 Q 
Fuses: 
Main fuse: 

30.0 A 
Headlight fuse: 

15.0 A 
Signaling system fuse: 

15.0 A 
Ignition fuse: 

10.0 A 
Radiator fan fuse: 

10.0 A 
Carburetor heater fuse: 

10.0 A 
Cruse control fuse: 

10.0 A 



Audio system fuse: 

10.0 A 
Auxiliary DC terminal fuse: 

5.0 A 
Auxiliary DC jack fuse: 

5.0 A 
Backup fuse: 

10.0 A 



9-3 



CONSUMER INFORMATION 



Identification numbers 

Record the key identification number, 
vehicle identification number and mod- 
el label information in the spaces pro- 
vided below for assistance when 
ordering spare parts from a Yamaha 
dealer or for reference in case the vehi- 
cle is stolen. 
KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER: 



Key identification number 



Vehicle identification number 



VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION 
NUMBER: 



MODEL LABEL INFORMATION: 



O 




1 . Key identification number 

The key identification number is 
stamped into the key tag. Record this 
number in the space provided and use 
it for reference when ordering a new 
key. 




1. Vehicle identification number 

The vehicle identification number is 
stamped into the steering head pipe. 
Record this number in the space pro- 
vided. 

NOTE: 

The vehicle identification number is 
used to identify your motorcycle and 
may be used to register your motor- 
cycle with the licensing authority in your 
area. 



10-1 



CONSUMER INFORMATION 



Model label 




1. Model label 

The model label is affixed to the frame 
under the rider seat. (See page 3-13.) 
Record the information on this label in 
the space provided. This information 
will be needed when ordering spare 
parts from a Yamaha dealer. 



10-2 



CONSUMER INFORMATION 



Reporting safety defects 

If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately 
inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Yamaha Motor Corporation, 
U.S.A. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group 
of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems 
between you, your dealer, or Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. 

To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1 -800-424-9393 (or 366-01 23 in Washington, D.C. 
area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other information 
about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline. 



10-3 



CONSUMER INFORMATION 



Motorcycle noise regulation 

TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED: 

Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other 
than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any new ve- 
hicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or (2) the use of 
the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person. 
"AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED BELOW". 
These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modification, removal, etc. 



Exhaust system 

• Muffler 

• Exhaust pipe 

• Silencer 
Intake system 

• Air cleaner case 

• Air cleaner element 

• Intake duct 



10-4 



CONSUMER INFORMATION 



Maintenance record 

Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts purchased and installed on your vehicle will be required to document that 
maintenance has been completed in accordance with the emissions warranty. The chart below is printed only as a reminder 
that maintenance work is required. It is not acceptable proof of maintenance work. 



Maintenance 
interval 


Date of 
service 


Mileage 


Servicing dealer 
name and address 


Remarks 


600 mi 

(1000 km) or 

1 month 










4000 mi 

(7000 km) or 

6 months 










8000 mi 

(13000 km) or 

12 months 










12000 mi 

(19000 km) or 

18 months 










16000 mi 

(25000 km) or 

24 months 










20000 mi 

(31000 km) or 

30 months 










24000 mi 

(37000 km) or 

36 months 










28000 mi 

(43000 km) or 

42 months 










32000 mi 

(49000 km) or 

48 months 











10-5 



CONSUMER INFORMATION 





Maintenance 
interval 


Date of 
service 


Mileage 


Servicing dealer 
name and address 


Remarks 


36000 mi 

(55000 km) or 

54 months 










40000 mi 

(61000 km) or 

60 months 











10-6 



CONSUMER INFORMATION 



r\ EAU2 

YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORARION, U.S.A. ROYAL STAR™ VENTURE® LIMITED WARRANTY 



Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. hereby warrants that each 
new Yamaha Royal Star Venture motorcycle purchased from an 
authorized Yamaha motorcycle dealer in the continental United 
States will be free from defects in material or workmanship for 
the period of time stated herein, subject to certain stated limita- 
tions. 

THE PERIOD OF WARRANTY for the Yamaha Royal Star Ven- 
ture, including windshield, saddlebags, and mounting hardware 
installed as original equipment, shall be five (5) years from the 
date of purchase, regardless of mileage. 

MODELS EXCLUDED FROM WARRANTY include those used 
for non-Yamaha-authorized renting, leasing, or other commer- 
cial purposes. 

DURING THE PERIOD OF WARRANTY any authorized 
Yamaha motorcycle dealer will, free of charge, repair or replace 
any part adjudged defective by Yamaha due to faulty workman- 
ship or material from the factory. Parts used in warranty repairs 
will be warranted for the balance of the product's warranty peri- 
od. All parts replaced under warranty become property of 
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.. 

GENERAL EXCLUSIONS from this warranty shall include any 
failures caused by: 

a. Competition or racing use. 

b. Installation of parts or accessories that are not qualitatively 
equivalent to genuine Yamaha parts. 

c. Abnormal strain, neglect, or abuse. 

d. Lack of proper maintenance or storage. 

e. Accident or collision damage. 

f. Modification to original parts. 

g. Damage due to improper transportation. 



SPECIFIC EXCLUSIONS from this warranty shall include: 

1 . The cost of parts and labor for routine maintenance or normal 
wear and tear. Examples include periodic oil changes and lu- 
brication, filter cleaning and replacement, spark plugs, tune- 
ups, coolant, and brake and clutch adjustments. 

2. Battery deterioration caused by improper maintenance and/or 
storage. 

THE CUSTOMER'S RESPONSIBILITY under this warranty 

shall be to: 

Operate and maintain the Royal Star Venture as specified in the 
appropriate Owner's Manual, and Give notice to an authorized 
Yamaha motorcycle dealer of any and all apparent defects within 
ten (10) days after discovery, and make the machine available at 
that time for inspection and repairs at such dealer's place of busi- 
ness. 

WARRANTY TRANSFER 

To transfer the warranty from the original purchaser to any sub- 
sequent purchaser, it is imperative that the machine be inspect- 
ed and registered for warranty by an authorized Yamaha 
motorcycle dealer. In order for this warranty to remain in effect, 
this inspection and registration must take place within ten (10) 
days after transfer of ownership to the subsequent purchaser. A 
reasonable dealer-imposed fee may be charged for the inspec- 
tion. 

AUDIO WARRANTY 

Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. warrants that factory-in- 
stalled audio components which prove defective due to improper 
workmanship or material will be repaired or replaced, at 
Yamaha's option, without charge for parts or labor for a period of 
five (5) years from the date of purchase of the motorcycle, sub- 
ject to certain stated limitations. 

This warranty excludes audio components damaged or affected 
by: 



1 . Accident or collision. 

2. Misuse or neglect. 

3. Alteration, improper installation or connection. 

4. Unauthorized adjustment or repairs. 

5. Use in an application for which the audio component was not 
designed. 

In addition, any audio component which has had the serial num- 
ber in any way tampered with or removed will be excluded from 
warranty. 

This warranty does not cover the elimination of static or other 

electrical interference. 

Audio components and parts repaired or replaced under this 

warranty will be warranted for the balance of the audio warranty 

period. All defective components or parts replaced under the 

warranty become the property of Yamaha Motor Corporation, 

U.S.A. 

EMISSIONS CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY 

Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. also warrants to the ultimate 
purchaser and each subsequent purchaser of each Royal Star 
Venture that the vehicle is designed, built, and equipped so as to 
conform at the time of sale with all U.S. emissions standards ap- 
plicable at the time of manufacture, and that it is free from de- 
fects in materials and workmanship which would cause it not to 
meet these standards for 18, 642 miles (30,000 km) or five 
years, whichever occurs first. Failures other than those resulting 
from defects in material or workmanship which arise solely as a 
result of owner abuse and/or lack of proper maintenance are not 
covered by this warranty. 



10-7 



CONSUMER INFORMATION 



YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. MAKES NO OTH- 
ER WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. 
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND 
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WHICH EXCEED 
THE OBLIGATIONS AND TIME LIMITS STATED IN THIS 
WARRANTY ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED BY YAMAHA MO- 
TOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. AND EXCLUDED FROM THIS 
WARRANTY. 

SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON HOW 
LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, SO THE ABOVE 
LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. ALSO EXCLUDED 
FROM THIS WARRANTY ARE ANY INCIDENTAL OR CON- 
SEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCLUDING LOSS OF USE. SOME 
STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION 
OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE 
ABOVE EXCLUSIONS MA Y NOT APPL Y TO YOU. 

THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, 
AND YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS WHICH VARY 
FROM STATE TO STATE. 

YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. 
Post Office Box 6555 
Cypress, CA 90630 



10-8 



CONSUMER INFORMATION 



WARRANTY QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 



CUSTOMER SERVICE 



Q. What costs are my responsibility during the warranty period? 

A. The customer's responsibility includes all costs of normal maintenance services, non- 
warranty repairs, accident and collision damage, and oil, oil filters, air filters, spark 
plugs, and brake shoes or pads. 

Q. What are some examples of "abnormal" strain, neglect, or abuse? 

A. These terms are general and overlap each other in areas. Specific examples include: 
Running the machine out of oil, sustained high-rpm, full-throttle use; operating the 
machine with a broken or damaged part which causes another part to fail; damage 
or failure due to improper or careless transportation and or tie down; and so on. If 
you have any specific questions on operation or maintenance, please contact your 
dealer for advice. 

Q. Does the warranty cover incidental costs such as towing or transportation due to 

a failure? 
A. No. The warranty is limited to repair of the machine itself. 

Q. May I perform any or all of the recommended maintenance shown in the Owner's 

Manual instead of having the dealer do them? 
A. Yes, if you are a qualified mechanic and follow the procedures specified in the Owner's 

and Service Manual. We do recommend, however, that items requiring special tools 

or equipment be done by Yamaha motorcycle dealer. 

Q. Will the warranty be void or cancelled if I do not operate or maintain my new 
motorcycle exactly as specified in the Owner's Manual? 

A. No. The warranty on a new motorcycle cannot be "voided" or "cancelled." However, 
if a particular failure is caused by operation or maintenance other than as shown 
in the Owner's Manual, that failure may not be covered under warranty. 

Q. What responsibility does my dealer have under this warranty? 
A. Each Yamaha Motorcycle dealer is expected to: 

1 . Completely set up every new machine before sale. 

2. Explain the operation, maintenance, and warranty requirements to your satisfa- 
ction at the time of sale, and upon your request at any later date. 

In addition, each Yamaha motorcycle dealer is held responsible for his setup, service 
and warrnaty repair work. 

Q. Is the warranty transferable to second owners? 

A. Yes. The remainder of the existing warranty can be transferred upon request. The unit 
has to be inspected and re-registered by an authorized Yamaha motorcycle dealer for 
the warranty coverage to remain effective. 



If your machine requires warranty service, you must take it to any authorized 
Yamaha motorcycle dealer within the continental United States. Be sure to 
bring your warranty registration identification or other valid proof of the 
original date of purchase. If a question or problem arises regarding warranty, 
first contact the owner of the dealership. Since all warranty matters are 
handled at the dealer level, this person is in the best position to help you. 
If you are still not satisfied and require additional assistance, please write: 

YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION U.S.A. 

CUSTOMER RELATIONS DEPARTMENT 

P.O. Box 6555 

Cypress, California 90630 

When contacting Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. don't forget to include 
any important information such as names, addresses, model, V.I.N, (frame 
number), dates, and receipts. 

CHANGE OF ADDRESS 

The federal government requires each manufacturer of a motor vehicle to 
maintain a complete, up-to-date list of all first purchasers against the 
possibility of a safety-related defect and recall. This list is compiled from 
the purchase registrations sent to Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. by the 
selling dealer at the time of your purchase. 

If you should move after you have purchased your new motorcycle, please 
advise us of your new address by sending a postcard listing your motorcycle 
model name, V.I.N, (frame number), dealer number (or dealer's name) as it 
is shown on your warranty identification, your name and new mailing address. 
Mail to: 

YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. 

P.O. Box 6555 

Cypress, California 90630 

Attention: Warranty Department 

This will ensure that Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. has an up-to-date 
registration record in accordance with federal law. 



10-9 



INDEX 



A 

Accessories and replacement parts 7-23 

Air filter elements, cleaning 7-18 

Audio settings (basic) 4-4 

Audio settings (modes) 4-6 

Audio system 4-1 

Auxiliary audio source 4-20 

Auxiliary DC jack and terminals 3-21 

B 

Battery 7-31 

Brake and clutch fluid levels, 

checking 7-25 

Brake and clutch fluids, changing 7-27 

Brake and clutch levers, 

checking and lubricating 7-28 

Brake and shift pedals, 

checking and lubricating 7-28 

Brake lever 3-9 

Brake lever free play, adjusting 7-24 

Brake pedal 3-9 

C 

Cables, checking and lubricating 7-27 

Canister (for California only) 7-12 

Carburetors, adjustment 7-19 

Cassette deck operation 4-9 

CB radio operation 4-16 

CD changer operation 4-15 

Cleaning 8-1 

Clutch lever 3-8 

Clutch lever free play 7-23 

Coolant 7-16 

Coolant temperature warning light 3-3 

Cowlings and panels, removing and 

installing 7-8 



Cruise control indicator lights 3-3 

Cruise control switches 3-8 

Cruise control system 3-5 

D 
Dimmer switch 3-7 

E 

Engine break-in 6-4 

Engine oil and oil filter cartridge 7-12 

Engine, starting a warm 6-2 

Engine stop switch 3-8 

Engine trouble warning light 3-3 

F 

Final gear oil 7-15 

Front and rear brake pads, checking ....7-25 

Front fork, adjusting 3-16 

Front fork, checking 7-29 

Fuel 3-10 

Fuel cock 3-11 

Fuel level warning light 3-3 

Fuel tank cap 3-10 

Fuses, replacing 7-32 

H 

Handlebar switches 3-7 

Hazard switch 3-8 

Headlight bulb, replacing 7-34 

Headsets 4-2 

Helmet holders 3-14 

High beam indicator light 3-3 

Horn switch 3-7 

I 

Identification numbers 10-1 

Ignition circuit cut-off system 3-19 

Indicator and warning lights 3-2 



K 

Key identification number 10-1 

L 
Labels, location of 1-5 

M 

Main switch/steering lock 3-1 

Maintenance and lubrication, periodic .... 7-4 
Maintenance, emission control system... 7-3 

Maintenance, periodic 7-1 

Maintenance record 10-5 

Model label 10-2 

N 

Neutral indicator light 3-2 

Noise regulation 10-4 

O 

Oil level warning light 3-3 

Overdrive indicator light 3-3 

P 

Parking 6-5 

Part locations 2-1 

Parts, location of 4-1 

Pre-operation check list 5-2 

R 

Radio operation 4-11 

Rear brake light switch, adjusting 7-24 

Rider seat 3-13 

S 

Safety defects, reporting 10-3 

Safety information 1-1 

Shifting 6-3 

Shift pedal 3-9 

Shock absorber assembly, adjusting .... 3-17 

Sidecases and travel trunk 3-14 

Sidestand 3-18 



INDEX 



Sidestand, checking and lubricating 7-29 

Sound control unit 4-3 

Sparkplugs, checking 7-11 

Specifications 9-1 

Speedometer unit 3-4 

Starter (choke) knob 3-12 

Starting and warming up a cold 

engine 6-1 

Start switch 3-8 

Steering, checking 7-30 

Steering, locking with a padlock 3-13 

Storage 8-2 

Supporting the motorcycle 7-35 

T 

TALK switch 3-7 

Throttle cable free play, adjusting 7-20 

Throttle grip and cable, 

checking and lubricating 7-27 

Tires 7-20 

Toolkit 7-1 

Troubleshooting 7-36 

Troubleshooting charts 7-37 

Turn signal indicator lights 3-2 

Turn signal light bulb or tail/brake 

light bulb, replacing 7-35 

Turn signal switch 3-7 

V 

Valve clearance, adjusting 7-20 

Vehicle identification number 10-1 

W 

Warranty, limited 10-7 

Wheel bearings, checking 7-30 

Wheels 7-22 



PROTECT YOUR INVESTMENT 

Use Genuine YAMAHA Parts And Accessories 



See your Authorized YAMAHA Dealer for a Genuine YAMAHA 
Service Manual. 




YAMAHA 




YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD. 

PRINTED IN JAPAN 

2004.06-0.6x1 CR 

(E)